Answer given by Mr Kallas on behalf of the Commission
The objective of Regulation (EC) No 1370/2007 of the European Parliament and of the Council on public passenger transport services by rail and by road is to define how competent authorities may act in the field of public passenger transport to guarantee the provision of services of general interest which are, among other things, more frequent, safer, of a higher quality or provided at lower cost than those that market forces alone would have allowed.
The regulation is directly applicable in all Member States. However, it does not create a positive obligation for Member States to establish public service obligations. The Member States and their competent authorities have the possibility to establish public service obligations that respect the relevant national legislation as well as EU legislation, particularly Regulation (EC) 1370/2007.