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EU documents:

Academic studies (the following list provides a limited number of representative studies):

  • Port Economics, port studies database:
  • Christidis, Ibanez Rivas, Measuring road congestion, JRC Technical Notes, 2012 /
  • CE Delft, INFRAS, Frauenhofer ISI, External Costs of Transport in Europe, Delft, November 2011.
  • Ducruet and van der Horst (2009) "Transport Integration at European Ports: measuring the role and position of intermediaries".
  • Goss, R. Economic Policies and Seaports: 1. The Economic Functions of Seaports. “Maritime Policy and Management” 17(3): pp.207-219. (1990).
  • International Handbook of Maritime Economics, Cullinane and others (2010)
  • ISL Bremen – Public Funding of Port Infrastructures in the EU – Fact Finding Study (2006)
  • “Port Financing and Pricing in the EU: Theory, Politics and Reality and Haralambides H. (2012) "Ports: Engines of Growth and Employment".
  • UK Essays - Role of port pricing (2005),
  • Port Pricing. Considerations on Economic Principles and Marginal Costs; H. Meersman, E. Van de Voorde and T. Vanelslander (Antwerp, 2002)
  • Bichou (2012) Linking theory with practice in port performance and benchmarking, International Journal of Ocean Systems Management 2012
  • Dock labour and port-related employment, T. Notteboom, 2010
  • Combining Models and Commodity Chain; Research for Making Long-Term Projections of Port Throughput: an Application to the Hamburg-Le Havre RangeDe Langen, van Meijeren, and Tavaszzy (2012)
  • Research on congestion; EFFORT RTD Project
  • Pallis & Verhoeven (2009) "Does the EU port policy strategy encompass proximity?"

Reports for international organisations and industry associations: