Freedom to provide services
Regulation (EEC) No 4055/86 gives Member State nationals (and non-EU shipping companies using ships registered in a Member State and controlled by Member State nationals) the right to carry passengers or goods by sea between any port of a Member State and any port or off-shore installation of another Member State or of a non-EU country.
Unfair pricing in maritime transport
Regulation (EEC) No 4057/86 enables the EU to apply compensatory duties in order to protect shipowners in Member States from unfair pricing practices on the part of non-EU shipowners. The Regulation defines the injury that can be taken into consideration, e.g. a reduction in the shipowner's market share or profits or in employment.
Free access to ocean trades
Regulation (EEC) No 4058/86 applies when action by a non-EU country or by its agents restricts free access to the transport of liner cargoes, bulk cargoes or other cargoes by shipping companies of Member States or by ships registered in a Member State, except where such action is taken in conformity with the UN Liner Code. The Regulation defines the expressions "home trader" and "cross-trader".