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Aviation Security

Security has been a matter of concern for civil aviation for several decades, but in particular since the bombing of a flight above Lockerbie in 1988. However, aviation security has, up until more recently, been addressed on essentially a national level. At the international level, though for some time Standards and Recommended Practices have been laid down by the International Civil Aviation Organisation (ICAO) for States to implement, these are not regulated by a binding mechanism to guarantee their full and proper application.

Following the terrorist attacks in the United States on 11 September 2001 when commercial aircraft were used as weapons of mass destruction, the Commission made a legislative proposal to bring aviation security under the EU's regulatory umbrella. This initiative led to the adoption of framework Regulation (EC) No 2320/2002 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 16 December 2002 establishing common rules in the field of civil aviation security and thus provided the basis for allowing harmonisation of aviation security rules across the European Union with binding effect.

That regulatory framework has since been overhauled by a new framework, in full effect from 29 April 2010, as laid down by Regulation (EC) No 300/2008 of the European Parliament and of the Council of 11 March 2008 on common rules in the field of civil aviation security and repealing Regulation (EC) No 2320/2002.