On 9 December 2008, the Council of the European Union adopted a Decision authorising the European Commission to open negotiations with Tunisia on a Euro-Mediterranean Aviation Agreement, as part of the process of creating a wider Common Aviation Area with its eastern and southern neighbours. The first round of negotiations took place in Tunis on 27 June 2013.
The Decision follows the Council Conclusions of 27 June 2005 and the Communication from the Commission "A Common Aviation Policy Towards its Neighbours".
The economic importance and scope of its aviation relations with the European Union make Tunisia an essential partner for the implementation of the Common Aviation Area between the two shores of the Mediterranean. With 8.2 million passengers to / from Europe in 2010, Tunisia is the 10th world partner of the EU and the 3rd Mediterranean country in term of traffic.
A comprehensive Euro-Mediterranean agreement with the EU would result in an increase in the number of direct flights and thus boost trade and tourist flows between the EU and Tunisia. Based on the precedents of Morocco and the single European market, an increase in traffic of about 15-20% per year is envisaged for the first few years following the implementation of the agreement: in terms of volume, this would be an increase of about 1.5 million passengers.