The EU and Maldives signed a horizontal aviation agreement on 21 September 2006, which allows European airlines to fly between Maldives and any EU Member State having a bilateral agreement with Maldives. The agreement entered into force on 15 April 2008.
The agreement removes nationality restrictions in the bilateral air services agreements between EU Member States and Maldives and therefore allows any EU airline to operate flights between Maldives and any EU Member State where it is established, and where a bilateral agreement with Maldives exists and traffic rights are available.
The agreement is considered to be an important step in the aviation relations between the EU and Maldives. Air transport is crucial for the relations between Maldives and the EU, notably for tourism.