The Community is committed to the development and use of all types of renewable/alternative energies which can simultaneously contribute to security of supply, sustainability and competitiveness. A binding target of a 20 % share of renewable energies in overall EU energy consumption by 2020 was agreed by the European Council on 9 March 2007 with a 10 % binding minimum target to be achieved by all Member States for the share of biofuels, to be introduced in a cost-efficient way, in overall EU transport petrol and diesel consumption by 2020.
The air transport industry can also make significant contribution to the European Union's policy on climate change, energy and environment by using renewable fuels and reducing the emissions of greenhouse gases and other pollutants. This requires joint efforts by the aeronautics industry and its energy suppliers. It is imperative to have secure, environmentally friendly and affordable supplies of energy that can be used in a sustainable way. Thus, to help spur the commercial development of biofuels for aviation, the European Commission and its partners have launched the European Advanced Biofuels Flightpath. The European Advanced Biofuels Flightpath aims:
- To get sustainably produced biofuels to the market faster, through the construction of advanced biofuel production plants in Europe. The first set of plants are expected to be operational by 2015 or 2016, with the second set operational by 2020.
- To get the aviation industry to use 2 million tonnes of biofuels by 2020.