That was why the European Community adopted Regulation (EU) No 598/2014 on the procedures concerning the introduction of noise-related operating restrictions. As restrictions also impact air carriers from non-EU countries, the Regulation is compliant with international principles on noise management, the so-called "Balanced Approach", agreed and recommended by the International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO). The Balanced Approach comprises four principal elements. These are:
- making aeroplanes quieter by setting noise standards;
- managing the land around airports in a sustainable way;
- adapting operational procedures to reduce the noise impact on the ground; and
- introducing operating restrictions.
The EU rules establish a clear and transparent procedure to introduce operating restrictions so that decisions are evidence-based and offer optimal solutions for noise problems with regard to safety, capacity and cost.
Regulation (EU) No 598/2014 on the establishment of rules and procedures with regard to the introduction of noise-related operating restrictions at Union airports within a Balanced Approach and repealing Directive 2002/30/EC