Social aspect of maritime transport
The human factor is important not only for maritime safety and
the safeguard of the marine environment, but also to support the growth and the
prosperity of the maritime industry in Europe.
Since the beginning of the Eighties, the European maritime
industry suffers from an increasing lack of European seafarers, in particular
officers. Such shortage is likely to increase in the coming years to the
detriment of the maritime industry which needs maritime expertise and experience.
The main objective is to make the maritime profession more
attractive by preventing abusive practices on board of ships calling at EU ports
and improving social guarantees for seafarers, on board of ships flying
European flags. To this respect, the Commission has based its policy on three