TRANSPORT FACTS & FIGURES
Roadmap to a Single European Transport Area - Facts and figures
Transport matters - it keeps the economy moving and gives us
the freedom to travel. The EU's new strategy will take us to 2050, developing
cleaner, greener and more efficient transport. Find out more through the facts &
figures on this site and watch the video.
• In London, 20% of commuters spend more than two hours a day travelling to and from work, which adds up to one working day a week. In Germany, 37% spend one hour a day commuting.
Sources: Transport for London, 2009, Travel in London ; Mobilität in Deutschland 2008.
• In London, Cologne, Amsterdam and
Brussels, drivers spend more than 50 hours a year in road traffic jams. In Utrecht,
Manchester and Paris, they spend more than 70 hours stuck on roads.
Sources: INRIX European National Traffic Scorecard 2010.
• Public transport quality and connections
need to be greatly improved if consumer behaviour is to change. A large majority
(71%) of car users feel that public transport is less convenient than the car. A
similar proportion (72%) say they don't use public transport because of a lack of
connections (49% of "very important responses"). 64% blame too few services and 54%
mention lack of reliability.
Source: Eurobarometer survey on the future of transport.
• Electric cars could contribute to savings
of 5 Mt CO2/year if the national and regional objectives of putting 5 million
electric vehicles on the market by 2020 is met.
Source: Report of the European Expert Group on Future Transport Fuels, 2011.
• High-speed trains have cut travel time by
43% between Brussels and Frankfurt, and by more than 60% (from 4 hours 52 minutes to
1 hour 51 minutes) between Brussels and London. So far, the speed record was 574.8
km/h reached by a TGV in April 2007.
Source: High-speed Europe – a sustainable link between citizens, 2010.
• Train journeys can be faster than short
and medium distance flights. This applies in particular to high-speed lines over
distances of up to 800 km. A 400 km journey by high-speed train can be up to an hour
faster than covering the same distance by plane.
Source: European High Speed Rail – An Easy Way to Connect
• The Thalys high-speed train through
France, Belgium, Germany and the Netherlands has to adapt to seven different
signalling systems. The EU currently uses seven gauge sizes and seven types of
electric currents (with different voltages and frequencies, and alternating or
direct current, etc).
Source: ERTMS Gauges and currents: Energy and Transport in Europe – Statistical Pocketbook 2010
• The trans-European transport networks
(TEN-T), which represent http://ec.europa.eu/transport/index_en.htm
800 km of key European corridors, have nine north-south connections linking the
continent, but only four east-west ones.
Source: TENtec Information System
• The EU has more than 4.5 million km of
paved roads, 212 500 km of railway lines and 41 000 km of navigable inland
Source: EC estimations based on data from Eurostat, UIC and national sources
• A well-performing transport network
requires substantial resources. The cost of EU infrastructure development to match
transport demand has been estimated at over € 1.5 trillion for 2010-2030. An
additional investment of a trillion euros in vehicles, equipment and charging
infrastructure is needed to achieve emission reduction goals. The completion of the
TEN-T network requires about €550 billion by 2020, out of which some € 215 billion
the removal of the main bottlenecks.
Source: EC calculations based on TENtec Information System and the Impact Assessment accompanying the White Paper, SEC(2011) 358.
• Freight transport activity is projected
to increase by around 80% by 2050 compared to 2005, while passenger traffic should
grow by 51%.
Source: PRIMES-TREMOVE and TRANSTOOLS transport models [2 MB] (Appendix 5 of the Impact Assessment accompanying the White Paper, SEC(2011) 358).
• In 2000-2006, the EU invested €859
billion in its transport infrastructure.
Source: Steer Davies Gleave, 2009, "Ex Post Evaluation of Cohesion Policy Programmes 2000-2006, Work Package 5A: Transport", First Intermediate Report.
•It has been estimated that the present
value of investments required for developing the electric road transport
infrastructure in the EU would be in the range of €80-140 billion.
Source: PRIMES-TREMOVE transport model [2 MB] (Appendix 5 of the Impact Assessment accompanying the White Paper, SEC(2011) 358).
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