110 different driving licence models circulate in the EU and EEA
This manual aims to help controlling authorities, as
well as the interested private person, to identify these many
different types. It also enables licence holders to be aware of
their rights, and national authorities to know the validity and
extent of the rights associated with each model of licence.
Good management of driving licences is central to guaranteeing
the freedom of movement. Mutual recognition of driving licences
between the Member States of the EU, without any formalities,
has been in full force since 1 July 1996. From that date all
administrative obstacles have been eliminated for licence
holders who go to or establish themselves in another Member
The goal for the European Commission is to introduce a single EU
model. Until this is in place, Driving licences will remain an
essential tool in identifying the aforementioned 110 models.