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|Basic principles  |Non-harmonised fields  |The impact of Community legislation on citizens


Basic principles

Directive 91/439/EEC of 29 July 1991 on driving licences ("second driving licence directive") is governed by two major principles: to facilitate the free movement of the citizens of the Community and contribute to the improvement of road traffic safety

With regard to the free movement of citizens, Directive 91/439/EEC introduced the principle of mutual recognition of driving licences issued by the Member States. This principle repealed the obligation of exchange which had been established by Directive 80/1263/EEC ("first driving licence directive"). The ninth recital of Directive 91/439/EEC stipulates explicitly that the obligation to exchange driving licences within a year in the event of change of State of normal residence constitutes an obstacle to the free movement of persons and is inadmissible in the light of the progress made within the framework of European integration.

It also adapted the Community model driving licence which had already been established by Directive 80/1263/EEC, in order to facilitate comprehension and the mutual recognition of licences by the authorities of the Member States.

With regard to road safety, Directive 91/439/EEC harmonised
  • categories of driving licence
  • conditions for the issue of a driving licence
  • minimum ages for the various categories
  • driving tests
  • minimum standards of physical and mental fitness.

 

última actualización: 03-02-2009