Mobility and Transport

Finland - Internal market

Finland - Internal market

Finland
X

Source:

Country information

  • Overall country rank: 5
  • Area (1000 km2): 338
  • Nominal GDP 2015 (million €): 209 149
  • Population 2015 (million): 5.472
  • Expenditure per head on transport-related items 2014 (€): 2 400
  • Planned Allocation of Community funding for transport 2014-2020 (million €): 28.3

Trans-European Transport Network (TEN-T)

  • Number of proposals selected for CEF Transport (2015 call only): 2
  • Global Expenditure on TEN-T - 2007-2013 (million €): 4 494

Modal split of passenger transport

X

Modal shares in % of passenger-km of passenger transport on land.
Source: DG MOVE estimates based on Eurostat, ITF, UNECE and national data, 2014

Modal split of freight transport

X

Modal shares in % of tonne-km of freight transport on land.
Source: Eurostat, DG MOVE estimates, 2014.

Internal Market

The Finnish rail market is a monopoly both in the freight and in the passenger segment. At the end of July 2016, Finland had a number of pending court cases for an alleged infringement of EU law in the area of road transport. Finland has transposed 98% of all EU transport directives into national law. The share of employment in high growth transport enterprises in Finland has slightly decreased, and is now below EU average.

Internal Market

  • X

    Total market share of all but the principal freight rail undertakings (as a percentage of tonnes-km). Italy: 2014 value from IRG-Rail. Portugal: values based on train-km.
    Source: DG MOVE Rail Market Monitoring, IRG-Rail

  • X

    Total market share of all but the principal passenger rail undertakings (as a percentage of passenger-km). Italy: 2014 value from IRG-Rail. Portugal: values based on train-km.
    Source: DG MOVE Rail Market Monitoring, IRG-Rail

  • Road

    Score :

    EU rank:


    X

    Number of pending infringement proceedings in the field of road transport at the indicated dates. The Commission may open infringement proceedings against a Member State if it considers that it does not apply EU rules properly. However, only the Court of Justice can rule about a breach of EU law.
    Source: DG MOVE
    Extraction dates: 31 December 2013, 31 July 2015, 31 July 2016

  • Rail

    Score :

    EU rank:


    X

    Number of pending infringement proceedings in the field of rail transport at the indicated dates. The Commission may open infringement proceedings against a Member State if it considers that it does not apply EU rules properly. However, only the Court of Justice can rule about a breach of EU law.
    Source: DG MOVE
    Extraction dates: 31 December 2013, 31 July 2015, 31 July 2016

  • Air

    Score :

    EU rank:


    X

    Number of pending infringement proceedings in the field of air transport at the indicated dates. The Commission may open infringement proceedings against a Member State if it considers that it does not apply EU rules properly. However, only the Court of Justice can rule about a breach of EU law.
    Source: DG MOVE

  • X

    Number of pending infringement proceedings in the field of water transport (maritime and inland waterways) at the indicated dates. The Commission may open infringement proceedings against a Member State if it considers that it does not apply EU rules properly. However, only the Court of Justice can rule about a breach of EU law.
    Source: DG MOVE
    Extraction dates: 31 December 2013, 31 July 2015, 31 July 2016

  • X

    Number of pending infringement proceedings at the indicated dates that do not relate to a specific mode of transport (e.g. passenger rights, Public Service Obligations). The Commission may open infringement proceedings against a Member State if it considers that it does not apply EU rules properly. However, only the Court of Justice can rule about a breach of EU law.
    Source: DG MOVE

  • Horizontal

    Score :

    EU rank:


    X

    Percentage of EU directives in the field of transport for which transposition measures were notified to the Commission at the end of the respective year.
    Source: DG MOVE

  • X

    Percentage of employees in high growth enterprises, defined by EU Regulation 439/2014 as enterprises which have registered an average growth of 10% in the number of employees over a three year period, divided by the number of employees among the stock of active enterprises with at least 10 employees. Transport enterprises defined according to NACE H classification. EU average is estimated.
    Source: Eurostat Structural Business Statistics