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Country information

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Source:

  • Overall country rank : 3
  • Area (1000 km2): 338.4
  • Nominal GDP (million €): 205 178
  • Population (million): 5.451
  • Expenditure per head on transport-related items (€): 2400
  • Allocation of EU funding for transport 2007-2013 (million €): 10.1

Trans-European Transport Network (TEN-T)

  • Global Expenditures on TEN-T - 2007-2013 (million €): 4 493
  • Number of awarded TEN-T Decisions (FP 2007-2013): 17

Modal split of passenger transport

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Modal shares in % of passenger-km of passenger transport on land.
Source: DG MOVE estimates based on Eurostat, ITF, UNECE and national data, 2013

Modal split of freight transport

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Modal shares in % of tonne-km of freight transport on land. Road data is based on the activity of national hauliers, performed both at national and at international level, data for the other modes is based on the transport activity of any operator within the national territory.
Source: Eurostat, DG MOVE estimates, 2013.

No companies other than the principal undertaking for freight and passenger transport operate in the Finnish rail market. There were a number of pending court cases for an alleged infringement of EU law in the area of road transport at the end of July 2015. However, the overall number of court cases is very low. Finland has transposed 99% of all EU transport directives into national law. The share of employment in quickly growing transport enterprises in Finland has increased significantly in recent years, and is now above EU average.


Indicators

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Market share of all but the principal freight rail undertakings

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Total market share of all but the principal freight rail undertakings (as a percentage of tonnes-km)
Source: DG MOVE Rail Market Monitoring 

Rail

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Market share of all but the principal passenger rail undertakings

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Total market share of all but the principal passenger rail undertakings (as a percentage of passenger-km). The 2013 value for Romania is expressed in train-km and not in passenger-km and is therefore not comparable with the 2012 value.
Source: DG MOVE Rail Market Monitoring

Rail

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Pending infringements - Road

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Number of pending infringement proceedings in the field of road transport at the indicated dates. The Commission may open infringement proceedings against a Member State if it considers that it does not apply EU rules properly. However, only the Court of Justice can rule about a breach of EU law.
Source: DG MOVE
Extraction dates: 31 December 2013, 31 July 2015

Road

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Pending infringements - Rail

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Number of pending infringement proceedings in the field of rail transport at the indicated dates. The Commission may open infringement proceedings against a Member State if it considers that it does not apply EU rules properly. However, only the Court of Justice can rule about a breach of EU law.
Source: DG MOVE
Extraction dates: 31 December 2013, 31 July 2015

Rail

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Pending infringements - Aviation

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Number of pending infringement proceedings in the field of air transport at the indicated dates. The Commission may open infringement proceedings against a Member State if it considers that it does not apply EU rules properly. However, only the Court of Justice can rule about a breach of EU law.
Source: DG MOVE
Extraction dates: 31 December 2013, 31 July 2015

Air

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Pending infringements - Maritime and inland waterways

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Number of pending infringement proceedings in the field of water transport (maritime and inland waterways) at the indicated dates. The Commission may open infringement proceedings against a Member State if it considers that it does not apply EU rules properly. However, only the Court of Justice can rule about a breach of EU law.
Source: DG MOVE
Extraction dates: 31 December 2013, 31 July 2015

Water

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Pending infringements not related to a specific mode of transport

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Number of pending infringement proceedings at the indicated dates that do not relate to a specific mode of transport (e.g. passenger rights, Public Service Obligations). The Commission may open infringement proceedings against a Member State if it considers that it does not apply EU rules properly. However, only the Court of Justice can rule about a breach of EU law.
Source: DG MOVE
Extraction dates: 31 December 2013, 31 July 2015

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Transposition of EU transport directives

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Percentage of EU directives in the field of transport for which transposition measures were notified to the Commission at the end of the respective year.
Source: DG MOVE

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Employment share in high growth transport enterprises

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Percentage of employees in high growth enterprises, defined by EU Regulation 439/2014 as enterprises which have registered an average growth of 10% in the number of employees over a three year period. Transport enterprises defined according to NACE H classification. 2013 data is mostly provisional.
Source: Eurostat Structural Business Statistics

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