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Helmets and other safety equipment

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Whether travelling at high speed on a motorcycle, or meandering along on a bicycle – bikers are vulnerable in a collision. By taking a number of precautions – such as wearing a helmet or protective clothing – you have a better chance of avoiding serious injury.

Studies around the world have shown that bicycle helmets are very effective in decreasing the risk of head and brain injuries. And with 80% of motorcyclists killed on European roads sustaining head impacts, it is clear that helmets are an essential piece of safety equipment. A helmet can reduce the risk of fatal injury by around 44%.


Staying safe

  • wear a helmet – preferably a full face helmet, which provides the best protection
  • fit leg protectors – these reduce the severity of leg injuries by around 50%
  • wear protective clothing – this protects against laceration, contamination of injuries and reduces of the severity of bone and muscle injuries
  • wear gloves

The law

  • helmets are mandatory in all EU countries

More on motorcycles


Staying safe

  • wear a helmet – it will help protect the most vulnerable part of your body
  • ensure you and your bike are visible (see bicycles section [add link])

The law

  • In some EU countries, cycle helmets are mandatory for everyone, in others they are mandatory for children, and in the remainder they are strongly recommended.

More on regulations for cyclists