IMPORTANT LEGAL NOTICE - The information on this site is subject to adisclaimerand acopyright notice
 
Contact | Search on EUROPA  
   

CARE
Community Road Accident Database

If your browser does not redirect you automatically, please follow this link: http://ec.europa.eu/transport/roadsafety/road_safety_observatory/care_en.htm.



HOMEPAGE


NOTE TO THE READER


GLOSSARY OF DEFINITIONS


ACCIDENT STATISTICS


STUDIES


vertical separator

GLOSSARY OF DEFINITIONS

Person class

  

Area type

  

Lighting conditions

Gender 

Motorways

Weather conditions

Age group

Junctions

Day of the week

Vehicle group

Collision type

 

BASIC DEFINITIONS

ACCIDENT
Occurs on a public road or on a private road to which the public has right of access (except B, NL, P). Involves at least one moving vehicle (except P, UK). Involves at least one injured or killed person. Is reported by the police. Self reporting possible (B, EL, IRL, I, UK). Self reporting not possible (DK, D, NL, A, P, FIN). Confirmed suicides excluded (B, D, DK, IRL, NL, A, P, UK). Confirmed suicides included (E, I, L).
Note
 : The variation in the types of road and the coverage of the injury categories included in injury accidents, together with differences in the level of self reported accidents, will lead to significant variations in the number of injury accidents reported, and their reporting rate, between Member States.

PERSON KILLED
Death within 30 days of a road accident (UN/ECE Geneva 1995 – Statistics of Road Traffic Accidents in Europe and North America, annex 1). Suicide not included (except DK, E, F). Natural death not included (except L, S).The following correction coefficients (proposed by the concerned Member States) are used for EL (24 hours), E (24 hours in CARE ; 24 hours before 1993 in publication), F (6 days), I (7 days), A (3 days before 1992), P (24 hours).

Member State

Correcting factors

Greece

K(30) = K * 1.18 up to 1995

Spain

K(30) = K * 1.3 up to 1992

1993 up to 1996:

Outside urban area

Inside urban area

 

Driver

K(30)=K+SI*2.46%

K(30)=K+SI*1.02%

 

Passenger

K(30)=K+SI*2.29%

K(30)=K+SI*0.94%

 

Pedestrian

K(30)=K+SI*7.22%

K(30)=K+SI*3.87%

1997 up to 2000:

Outside urban area

Inside urban area

 

Driver

K(30)=K+SI*2.44%

K(30)=K+SI*1.93%

 

Passenger

K(30)=K+SI*2.17%

K(30)=K+SI*1.80%

 

Pedestrian

K(30)=K+SI*4.76%

K(30)=K+SI*5.71%

2001 up to 2004: Outside urban area Inside urban area
  Driver K(30)=K+SI*2.41% K(30)=K+SI*2.17%
  Passenger K(30)=K+SI*2.24% K(30)=K+SI*2.15%
  Pedestrian K(30)=K+SI*6.17% K(30)=K+SI*4.34%

France

K(30) = K * 1.09 up to 1993

K(30) = K * 1.057 from 1994 onwards

Italy

K(30) = K * 1.078

Austria

K(30) = K * 1.12 only for 1991

Portugal

K(30) = K * 1.3 up to 1997

K(30) = K * 1.14 from 1998 onwards

K: number of persons killed, SI: number of persons seriously injured

 

Go to top of page
TOP

CLASS OF PERSON KILLED

DRIVER: Person driving or riding any motorised vehicle or pedal cycle. Person herding animals is not a driver (except B, A). Learner driver is a driver (except E, P). Learner driver is a driver during a driving test, but not in a driving lesson (DK). Driving instructor is not a driver (except E, P). Driving instructor is a driver during a driving lesson, but not during a driving test (DK).

PASSENGER:
Person on or in a vehicle, who is not the driver. Includes person in the act of boarding or alighting from a vehicle (except DK). Learner driver is not a passenger (except E, P). Learner driver is a passenger during a driving lesson, but not during a driving test (DK). Driving instructor is a passenger (except E, P). Driving instructor is a passenger during a driving test, but not in a driving lesson (DK).

PEDESTRIAN:
Person on foot. Person pushing or holding bicycle (except D). Person pushing a pram or pushchair. Person leading or herding an animal (except D, A). Person riding a toy cycle on the footway (except A). Person on roller skates, skateboard or skis (except A). Does not include person in the act of boarding or alighting from a vehicle (except DK, E).

 

 

Go to top of page
TOP

GENDER OF PERSON KILLED

MALE:
Determined by the police (except E, I, L, A, P : on the basis of identity documents ; DK, FIN, S : on the basis of personal id number).

FEMALE:
Determined by the police (except E, I, L, A, P : on the basis of identity documents ; DK, FIN, S : on the basis of personal id number).

UNKNOWN GENDER:
Gender could not be determined (hit and run accident , police unable to trace person, not specified).

 

 

Go to top of page
TOP

AGE GROUP OF PERSON KILLED

AGE:
person's age, rounded down to whole number of years (except EL, I and Northern Ireland : rounded to nearest year). Age 0 to 1 is exceptionally rounded up (F, IRL, I, L, P and Northern Ireland).

UNKNOWN AGE:
Age could not be determined (hit and run accident , police unable to trace person, not specified).

 

 

Go to top of page
TOP

VEHICLE GROUP

CAR OR TAXI :
Motor vehicle with three or four wheels. Used to transport only or mainly people. Seating for no more than 8 passengers. Type B driving licence required. Includes taxibus (NL) and minibus (UK).

AGRICULTURAL VEHICLE:
Motor vehicle for agricultural use, with wheels or caterpillar tracks, with at least two axles. Driving licence required (DK, EL, E, IRL, I, L, A, FIN and Great Britain ; not in F). Maximum speed 30 km/h or 40 km/h.

BUS:
Motor vehicle with at least four wheels, used for transporting people. Public or private use. Type D driving licence required. Seating for more than 8 passengers. Includes minibus, trolleybus (except L), scheduled bus, unscheduled bus, school bus.

HEAVY GOODS VEHICLE:
Motor vehicle with at least four wheels, with a permissible gross vehicle weight of over 3.5 tonnes, used only for the transport of goods. With or without a trailer. Type C driving licence required. Includes lorry, over 3.5 tonnes ; road tractor ; road tractor with semi-trailer ; lorry with trailer ; tanker (except FIN).

LORRY, LESS THAN 3.5 TONNES:
Motor vehicle with a permissible gross vehicle weight of less than 3.5 tonnes, used only for the transport of goods. Type B driving licence required.

MOPED:
Motor vehicle with two wheels, with an engine size of less than 50 cc. Design speed between 25 km/h and 50 km/h. One or two seats. Minimum age for driver between 14 and 18 (except I). No driving licence required (E, F, I, P, FIN,S and Great Britain). Unregistered vehicle (B, DK, D, E, F, S).

MOTOR CYCLE:
Motor vehicle with two or three wheels (not three wheeled in D), with an engine size of more than 50 cc. With a trailer possible (except DK). With a sidecar possible. Registered vehicle (except P). Type A driving licence required. Includes motor scooter (except F).

OTHER:
Other than the mentioned vehicles.

PEDAL CYCLE: Vehicle with at least two wheels, without engine, moved by pedals or hand cranks. With or without a trailer. With or without passengers. Ridden in the carriageway. Ridden on the pavement (except DK, L).

 

 

Go to top of page
TOP

AREA TYPE

INSIDE URBAN AREA:
Area inside urban area boundary signs (except IRL, UK). Includes dual carriageways and national roads. Can include motorways (except DK, D, EL, I). Opinion of the police (DK, S).

OUTSIDE URBAN AREA:
Area outside urban area boundary signs. Opinion of the police (DK, S). Includes motorways.

 

 

Go to top of page
TOP

MOTORWAY
Public road with dual carriageways, and at least two lanes each way. Entrance and exit signposted. Road with grade separated interchanges. Road with a central barrier or central reservation. No crossing permitted. No stopping permitted unless in an emergency. Entry prohibited for pedestrians, animals, pedal cycles, mopeds, agricultural vehicles ; learner drivers (B, EL, IRL, P, UK). Access restricted to motor vehicles (DK, A, FIN). Minimum speed between 50 km/h and 80 km/h (except F, UK). Maximum speed between 100 km/h and 130 km/h (except D recommended 130 km/h).

 

 

Go to top of page
TOP

JUNCTION

JUNCTION: Road intersection with three or more arms. Not grade separated. Includes t junction, y junction, crossroad, level crossing (except DK, FIN, UK), roundabout (except F), multiple junction.

NOT AT A JUNCTION:
Position on road more than 20m from a junction or roundabout (IRL, NL, A, UK). Position on road more than 50m from a junction (F). Opinion of the police (B, DK, D, E, I, L, FIN, S).

CROSSROAD:
Road intersection with four arms. Opinion of the police (DK, D, E, FIN ; not A).

LEVEL CROSSING:
A road intersection with a railway line.

ROUNDABOUT:
Circular highway. Includes sections of the road leading into it, within 20m (IRL, A, UK). Opinion of the police (DK, E, F, I).

T OR Y JUNCTION:
Road intersection with three arms. Includes t junction, y junction, staggered junction.

OTHER JUNCTION TYPE:
Other than the above (crossroad, level crossing, roundabout, T or Y junction) junction types.

 

 

Go to top of page
TOP

COLLISION TYPE

COLLISION WITH ANIMAL:
Collision between vehicle and animal.

REAR COLLISION:
Collision between two vehicles travelling in the same direction on the same road. First vehicle has a rear collision point, other vehicle has a frontal collision point (E, F).

CHAIN COLLISION:
Collision between more than two moving vehicles (B, E, F). First vehicle has a rear collision point, other vehicle has a frontal collision point (E, F).

CHAIN OR REAR COLLISION:
Collision between two or more vehicles travelling in the same direction on the same road. First vehicle has a rear collision point, other vehicle has a frontal collision point (EL, E, F, IRL, I, NL, P).

FRONTAL COLLISION:
Collision between two vehicles travelling in the opposite direction on the same road. Both vehicles have a frontal collision point (B, EL, E, F, IRL, I, NL, P).

LATERAL COLLISION:
Includes angle collision, side by side collision. First vehicle has a side collision point, other vehicle has a frontal or side collision point (B, EL, E, F, IRL, I, P).

COLLISION WITH PEDESTRIAN:
Collision between moving vehicle and pedestrian.

SINGLE VEHICLE ACCIDENT, NO OBSTACLE:
Accident in which only one vehicle was involved. Includes vehicle leaving the road, cyclist falling.

SINGLE VEHICLE ACCIDENT, COLLISION WITH OBSTACLE:
Collision between moving vehicle and obstacle. On or off the road. Fixed or moving obstacle. Includes trees, posts, crash barriers.

COLLISION WITH PARKED VEHICLE:
Collision between moving vehicle and parked vehicle. Includes vehicle moving off (D).

OTHER COLLISION TYPE:
Other than the above collision types.

 

 

Go to top of page
TOP

LIGHTING CONDITIONS

DAYLIGHT:
Daytime light. Opinion of the police. Corrected by monthly hour tables (EL ; IRL in ‘natural light’ variable prior to 1996).

DAYLIGHT OR TWILIGHT:
Includes daylight, twilight.

DARKNESS:
Opinion of the police.

TWILIGHT: Period of half light between daybreak and sunrise, or between sunset and darkness. Opinion of the police.

DARKNESS, NO STREET LIGHTS:
Roadside not equipped with lights. Opinion of the police. Information only collected if darkness (EL, E, F, IRL, S).

DARKNESS, STREET LIGHTS LIT:
Street lights are lit. Opinion of the police. Includes alternate lamps lit (L, A, UK). Includes poor and good lighting (DK, EL, E, F, IRL, NL, A). Information only collected if darkness (B, EL, E, F, IRL, A, S and Great Britain).

DARKNESS, STREET LIGHTS UNLIT:
Opinion of the police. Street lights not switched on (DK, EL, F, IRL, NL, UK). Street lights not working (DK, EL, IRL, NL, UK). Scattered or isolated lamps lit (EL, UK). Information only collected if darkness (EL, F, IRL, P, S and Great Britain).

DARKNESS, STREET LIGHTS UNLIT OR NO LIGHTS:
Includes darkness, lights unlit ; darkness, no lights.

 

 

Go to top of page
TOP

WEATHER CONDITIONS

DRY:
No hindrance from weather. Includes clear sky and cloudy.

FOG OR MIST:
Includes fog, mist. Includes smoke (DK, EL, F, I, NL, P, FIN). Opinion of the police.

RAIN:
Opinion of the police.

SNOW:
Opinion of the police. Includes sleet building up a deposit (B, EL, I, A, UK).

SNOW, SLEET, HAIL:
Includes snow, sleet, hail. Opinion of the police.

STRONG WIND:
Opinion of the police. Deemed to have an adverse affect on driving conditions (DK, EL, I, A, UK).

OTHER WEATHER CONDITIONS:
None of the above (dry, for or mist, rain, snow, sleet, hail, strong wind) weather conditions, but it includes strong wind combined with rain or snow.

 

 

Go to top of page
TOP

DAY OF THE WEEK
24 hour day within 7 day week.

 

last update: 01-08-2006