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The EU has finalised negotiations for a trade agreement with Japan. The remaining formalities are expected to be done in time for the agreement to become effective as soon as 1 February 2019.

EU firms already export over €58bn in goods and €28bn in services to Japan every year.

But European firms face trade barriers when exporting to Japan which make it hard for them to compete.

The trade agreement with Japan will:

  • remove these barriers
  • help us shape global trade rules in line with our high standards and shared values
  • send a powerful signal that two of the world's biggest economies reject protectionism.

In 2013 EU governments instructed the European Commission to start negotiations with Japan. On 6 July 2017 the European Union and Japan reached an agreement in principle on the main elements of the agreement.

On 8 December 2017, the negotiations were finalised. The European Parliament gave its consent in December 2018, clearing the way for the trade agreement's conclusion and entry into force.  

The entry into force of the Strategic Partnership Agreement also requires the ratification by EU countries, but a large part of the agreement can be provisionally applied in early 2019.

EU-Japan trade in your town

Learn about each EU country's exports to Japan.

Meetings and Documents

Negotiating reports, impact assessments, meetings with EU Member States, the European Parliament, and civil society

Japan information page

Discover the current trade relations between the EU and Japan

Agreement

Read some of the main chapters in the agreement.

Exporters' stories

Get inspired by some of the small EU firms already exporting to Japan. (Other languages available Other languages available)