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The EU has finalised negotiations for a trade agreement with Japan.

EU firms already export over €58bn in goods and €28bn in services to Japan every year.

But European firms face trade barriers when exporting to Japan which make it hard for them to compete.

The trade agreement with Japan will:

  • remove these barriers
  • help us shape global trade rules in line with our high standards and shared values
  • send a powerful signal that two of the world's biggest economies reject protectionism.

In 2013 EU governments instructed the European Commission to start negotiations with Japan. On 6 July 2017 the European Union and Japan reached an agreement in principle on the main elements of the EU-Japan Economic Partnership Agreement.

On 8 December 2017, the negotiations were finalised. After the legal verification and translation processes, the European Commission can then submit the agreement for the approval of the European Parliament and EU Member States. The European Commission has now proposed to the Council and then the European Parliament that they approve the EU-Japan EPA.

The EU is also negotiating a Strategic Partnership Agreement with Japan in parallel.

EU-Japan trade in your town

Learn about each EU country's exports to Japan.

Meetings and Documents

Negotiating reports, impact assessments, meetings with EU Member States, the European Parliament, and civil society

Japan information page

Discover the current trade relations between the EU and Japan


Read some of the main chapters in the agreement.

Exporters' stories

Get inspired by some of the small EU firms already exporting to Japan. (Other languages available Other languages available)