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Countries and regions

Eastern and Southern Africa (ESA)

Eastern and Southern Africa

The six countries in the ESA region (Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius, the Seychelles, Zambia and Zimbabwe) concluded an interim Economic Partnership Agreement with the EU at the end of 2007.

In August 2009, four countries signed the agreement (Madagascar, Mauritius, Seychelles and Zimbabwe) and it has been provisionally applied since 14 May 2012.

In January 2013, the European Parliament gave its consent to the agreement. Comoros signed the agreement in July 2017.

This deal remains open to other countries who want to join later.

Trade picture

Eastern and Southern Africa countries:

  • Comoros, Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Madagascar, Malawi, Mauritius, Seychelles, Sudan, Zambia, Zimbabwe
  • Exports to the EU from the Eastern and Southern Africa region are dominated by sugar, coffee, fish, tobacco, copper and crude oil
  • Imports from the EU to the Eastern and Southern Africa region are dominated by machinery and mechanical appliances, equipment, vehicles and pharmaceutical products

EU-Eastern and Southern Africa (ESA) "trade in goods" statistics

Trade in goods 2015-2017, € billions
Year EU imports EU exports Balance
2015 4.2 5.8 1.6
2016 4.1 5.9 1.8
2017 4.5 7.0 2.4

Date of retrieval: 16/04/2018

More statistics on Eastern and Southern Africa

EU and Eastern and Southern Africa

Eastern and Southern Africa includes the Indian Ocean islands (Comoros, Madagascar, Mauritius and Seychelles), countries from the Horn of Africa (Djibouti, Ethiopia, Eritrea and Sudan) and some countries of Southern Africa (Malawi, Zambia and Zimbabwe).

All the countries in the Eastern and Southern Africa region, except Eritrea, are members or observers negotiating accession to the WTO.

The interim Economic Partnership Agreement between the EU and Madagascar, Mauritius, Seychelles and Zimbabwe includes:

  • getting rid of EU duties and quotas for imports from these countries
  • gradually opening up EU exports to these countries
  • rules of origin, fisheries, and trade defence
  • rules on development cooperation
  • mechanisms for settling disputes

More information on the interim Economic Partnership Agreement between the EU and Madagascar, Mauritius, Seychelles and Zimbabwe fr

The interim EPA includes a rendez-vous clause for negotiating other areas such as rules and commitments on services and investment, sustainable development and competition, and making it easier to trade.

It also includes co-operation on technical barriers to trade, and standards on animal and plant health.

Trading with Eastern and Southern Africa

  • There are EU Delegations in Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Sudan, Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Mauritius and Madagascar