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Central Africa

Central Africa

The EU and Cameroon signed an interim Economic Partnership Agreement in 2009 and are currently implementing it. The agreement is open to any country or group of countries from the Central African region that are interested in joining.

The countries part of the agreement are Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo (Brazzaville), Congo-Democratic Republic of (Kinshasa), Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, São Tomé & Principe

Trade picture

Central Africa countries:

  • Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Congo (Brazzaville), Congo - Democratic Republic of (Kinshasa), Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, São Tomé & Principe
  • Oil is the main export from the Central African countries to the EU (70%), except for the Central African Republic and São Tomé & Principe. Other main regional exports are copper, wood, cocoa, bananas, and diamonds.
  • The main imports from the EU into the Central African region are machinery and mechanical appliances, equipment, vehicles, foodstuffs and pharmaceutical products.

EU-Central Africa: Trade in goods

Trade in goods 2016-2018, € billions
Year EU imports EU exports Balance
2016 6.3 5.3 -1.0
2017 6.4 4.7 -1.7
2018 6.7 5.0 -1.8

Date of retrieval: 17/04/2019

More statistics on Central Africa

EU and Central Africa

The EU and Cameroon concluded negotiations on an interim Economic Partnership Agreement in 2007. The European Parliament approved the agreement in June 2013 and it was ratified by Cameroon in July 2014.

This agreement lets all goods from Cameroon enter the EU duty and quota-free, and gradually removes duties and quotas over 15 years on 80% of EU exports to Cameroon. It covers trade in goods, aid for trade, institutional issues and dispute settlement.

The interim EPA is a ‘stepping-stone’ agreement. This means the EU and partner countries can deepen the agreement through ‘rendez-vous’ clauses which allow further negotiations on trade-related issues like services, competition, intellectual property, etc.

Gabon and Congo (Brazzaville) have not yet signed an Economic Partnership Agreement. Congo trades with the EU under the EU's Generalised Scheme of Preferences (GSP).

As an upper-middle income country according to the World Bank classification, Gabon has not been eligible for the GSP scheme since 1 January 2014.

Chad, the Central African Republic, the Democratic Republic of Congo, São Tomé and Principe and Equatorial Guinea are least-developed countries, so they benefit from duty-free, quota-free EU access under the EU's Everything but Arms scheme.

The EU and the Central African regional organisations (CEMAC and ECCAS) are currently studying the possibility to reach a comprehensive Economic Partnership Agreement through the stepping-stone agreement already used by Cameroon.

More information on the interim Economic Partnership Agreement between the EU and the Cameroon fr

Meetings and documents on implementation

Both parties meet regularly to discuss EPA implementation. For more information, please consult:

Trading with Central Africa