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Andean Community

Andean countries

The EU has a comprehensive Trade Agreement with Colombia and Peru which has been provisionally applied with Peru since 1 March 2013 and with Colombia since 1 August 2013.

The EU, together with Ecuador, Colombia and Peru, signed the Protocol of Accession of Ecuador to the Trade Agreement with Colombia and Peru on 11 November 2016. On 1 January 2017, Ecuador joined the Trade Agreement.

Once fully applied, this agreement will open up markets on both sides as well as increase the stability and predictability of the trade and investment environment. The Third Annual Report on the Implementation of the EU-Colombia/Peru Trade Agreement was issued on 10 October 2017.

Bolivia, a member of the Andean Community, also has the possibility to seek accession to the Trade Agreement.

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Trade picture

Andean countries:

  • The EU is the third largest bilateral trade partner and one of the principal investors for the Andean countries. In 2016,  total trade of the EU with the Andean countries was worth around €25.2 billion.
  • The Andean countries export predominantly to the EU primary products, mainly  agricultural products (55%) and fuels and mining products (38%).
  • EU exports consist mostly of manufactured goods, notably machinery and transport equipment (42.3%) and chemical products (22.8%).

EU-Andean community: Trade in goods

Trade in goods 2015-2017, € billions
Year EU imports EU exports Balance
2015 15.0 13.0 -2.0
2016 13.9 11.3 -2.6
2017 15.3 13.3 -2.0

Date of retrieval: 16/04/2018

More statistics on EU-Andean community

EU and the Andean Community

Trade negotiations between the EU and with Colombia and Peru were concluded in 2011. The EU-Colombia/Peru Trade Agreement  was signed on June 2012 and has been provisionally applied with Peru in March 2013 and with Colombia on August 2013

The Agreement provides for progressive and shared liberalisation through a comprehensive and balanced free trade area. This furthers trade between the two regions, attracts investment to the Andean countries and helps local businesses develop the strength in their regional market to compete internationally.

The trade Agreement establishes a Trade Committee, made of representatives from each Party, to oversee its application. The next meeting with Colombia and Peru as well as with Ecuador will take place on 24 November 2017 in Lima (Peru).

Accession of Ecuador to the Trade Agreement

The negotiations for Ecuador's accession to the Trade Agreement with Colombia and Peru were concluded in July 2014. The Protocol of Accession for Ecuador was signed in November 2016 and has been provisionally applied since January 2017.

The first session of the Trade Committee with Ecuador will take place on 24 November 2017 in Lima (Peru).


Presently Bolivia benefits from the preferential access that the EU grants under the EU's Generalised Scheme of Preferences (GSP), including through the special incentive arrangement for sustainable development and good governance, known as the GSP Plus.

Trading with Andean countries