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Negotiations and agreements

The EU has in place, or is negotiating, trade agreements with countries and regions around the world.

Full details of the EU's:

Types of EU trade agreement

There are three main types of agreements:

  1. Customs Unions
    • eliminate customs duties in bilateral trade
    • establish a joint customs tariff for foreign importers.
  2. Association Agreements, Stabilisation Agreements, (Deep and Comprehensive) Free Trade Agreements and Economic Partnership Agreements
    • remove or reduce customs tariffs in bilateral trade.
  3. Partnership and Cooperation Agreements
    • provide a general framework for bilateral economic relations
    • leave customs tariffs as they are

Current state of play

Agreements in place
Country (Region) Agreement Status
Albania (Western Balkans) Stabilisation and Association Agreement In force since 2009
Algeria Association Agreement In force since 01/09/2005
Andorra Customs Union In force since 01/01/1991
Armenia Partnership and Cooperation Agreement In force since 09/09/1999
Azerbaijan Partnership and Cooperation Agreement In force since 1999
Bosnia and Herzegovina (Western Balkans) Stabilisation and Association Agreement In force since 01/06/2015
Chile Association Agreement and Additional Protocol In force since 01/03/2005
Egypt Association Agreement In force since 01/06/2004
Faroe Islands Agreement In force since 01/01/1997
Georgia Association Agreement In force since 01/07/2016
Iceland Economic Area Agreement In force since 1994
Israel Association Agreement In force since 01/06/2000
Jordan Association Agreement In force since 01/05/2002
Kazakhstan Partnership and Cooperation Agreement In force since 1999
Kosovo (UNSCR 1244) Stabilisation and Association Agreement In force since 01/04/2016
Lebanon Association Agreement In force since 01/04/2006
Macedonia, Former Yugoslav Republic of (Western Balkans) Stabilisation and Association Agreement In force since 01/04/2004
Mexico Global Agreement In force since 01/10/2000
Moldova Association Agreement In force since 01/07/2016
Montenegro (Western Balkans) Stabilisation and Association Agreement In force since 01/05/2010
Morocco Association Agreement In force since 01/03/2000
Norway Economic Area Agreement In force since 1994
Palestinian Authority Interim Association Agreement In force since 01/07/1997
Russia Partnership and Cooperation Agreement In force since 01/12/1997
San Marino Customs Union In force since 01/04/2002
Serbia (Western Balkans) Stabilisation and Association Agreement In force since 01/09/2013
South Africa Interim Trade, Development and Co-operation Agreement In force since 01/05/2004
South Korea Free Trade Agreement In force since 01/07/2016
Switzerland Agreement In force since 01/01/1973
Syria Co-operation Agreement In force since 01/07/1977
Tunisia Association Agreement In force since 01/03/1998
Turkey Customs Union In force since 31/12/1995
Agreements partly in place

These are countries and regions that have part (but not all) of their agreements in place with the EU. The agreement is fully applied when all parties have ratified the agreement.

Country (Region) Agreement Status
Antigua and Barbuda (CARIFORUM) Economic Partnership Agreement Provisionally applied since 2008
Bahamas (CARIFORUM) Economic Partnership Agreement Provisionally applied since 2008
Barbados (CARIFORUM) Economic Partnership Agreement Provisionally applied since 2008
Belize (CARIFORUM) Economic Partnership Agreement Provisionally applied since 2008
Botswana (SADC) Economic Partnership Agreement Provisionally applied since 10/10/2016
Cameroon (Central Africa) Interim Economic Partnership Agreement Provisionally applied since 2014
Canada Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) Signed 30 October 2016, provisionally applied since 21/09/2017
Colombia (with Ecuador and Peru) Trade Agreement Signed 26/07/2012, provisionally applied since 2013
Costa Rica (Central America) Association Agreement with a strong trade component Signed 29/06/2012, provisionally applied since 2013
Dominica (CARIFORUM) Economic Partnership Agreement Provisionally applied since 2008
Dominican Republic (CARIFORUM) Economic Partnership Agreement Provisionally applied since 2008
Ecuador (with Colombia and Peru) Trade Agreement Signed 26/07/2012, provisionally applied since 2013
El Salvador (Central America) Association Agreement with a strong trade component Signed 29/06/2012, provisionally applied since 2013
Fiji (with Papua New Guinea) Interim Partnership Agreement Ratified by Papua New Guinea in May 2011
Ghana (West Africa) Stepping stone Economic Partnership Agreement provisionally applied Provisionally applied since 15/12/2016
Grenada (CARIFORUM) Economic Partnership Agreement Provisionally applied since 2008
Guatemala (Central America) Association Agreement with a strong trade component Signed 29/06/2012, provisionally applied since 2013
Guyana (CARIFORUM) Economic Partnership Agreement Provisionally applied since 2008
Haiti (CARIFORUM) Economic Partnership Agreement Provisionally applied since 2008
Honduras (Central America) Association Agreement with a strong trade component Signed 29/06/2012, provisionally applied since 2013
Ivory Coast (West Africa) Stepping stone Economic Partnership Agreement provisionally applied Provisionally applied since 03/09/2016
Jamaica (CARIFORUM) Economic Partnership Agreement Provisionally applied since 2008
Lesotho (SADC) Economic Partnership Agreement Provisionally applied since 10/10/2016
Madagascar, Mauritius, the Seychelles, and Zimbabwe (ESA) Economic Partnership Agreement Signed 08/2009, provisionally applied since 2012
Papua New Guinea and Fiji Interim Partnership Agreement Ratified by Papua New Guinea in May 2011
Mauritius (ESA) Economic Partnership Agreement Signed 08/2009, provisionally applied since 2012
Mozambique (SADC) Economic Partnership Agreement Provisionally applied since 10/10/2016
Namibia (SADC) Economic Partnership Agreement Provisionally applied since 10/10/2016
Nicaragua (Central America) Association Agreement with a strong trade component Signed 29/06/2012, provisionally applied since 2013
Panama (Central America) Association Agreement with a strong trade component Signed 29/06/2012, provisionally applied since 2013
Papua New Guinea (with Fiji) Interim Partnership Agreement Ratified by Papua New Guinea in May 2011
Peru (with Colombia and Ecuador) Trade Agreement Signed 26/07/2012, provisionally applied since 2013
Seychelles (ESA) Economic Partnership Agreement Signed 08/2009, provisionally applied since 2012
Singapore Free Trade Agreement (Not applied) Subject to CJEU opinion 2/15
South Africa Economic Partnership Agreement Provisionally applied since 10/10/2016
St Kitts and Nevis (CARIFORUM) Economic Partnership Agreement Provisionally applied since 2008
St Lucia (CARIFORUM) Economic Partnership Agreement Provisionally applied since 2008
St Vincent and the Grenadines (CARIFORUM) Economic Partnership Agreement Provisionally applied since 2008
Suriname (CARIFORUM) Economic Partnership Agreement Provisionally applied since 2008
Swaziland (SADC) Economic Partnership Agreement Provisionally applied since 10/10/2016
Trinidad and Tobago (CARIFORUM) Economic Partnership Agreement Provisionally applied since 2008
Ukraine Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Agreement
Association Agreement
Signed 29/05/2014, provisionally applied since 01/01/2016
Zimbabwe (ESA) Economic Partnership Agreement Signed 08/2009, provisionally applied since 2012
Agreements being updated

The EU has trade agreements in place with these countries/regions, but both sides are now negotiating an update.

Country (Region) New agreement being negotiated Status
Azerbaijan Association Agreement and Partnership and Cooperation Agreement Update negotiations began 16/07/2010
Mexico Modernisation of Global Agreement Update negotiations began 25/05/2016
Morocco Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area Update negotiations began 01/03/2013
Tunisia Deep and Comprehensive Free Trade Area Update negotiations began 12/10/2013
Agreements being negotiated
Country (Region) Agreement Status
Argentina Mercosur Association Agreement Negotiations resumed May 2010 
Bahrain (GCC) Free Trade Agreement Negotiations started 1990, suspended since 2008
Brazil Mercosur Association Agreement Negotiations resumed May 2010 
India Free Trade Agreement Negotiations started 2007
Indonesia Negotiations started 01/09/2016
Japan Economic partnership Agreement Negotiations started 01/03/2013
Kuwait (GCC) Free Trade Agreement Negotiations started 1990, suspended since 2008
Myanmar Negotiations started 2015
Oman (GCC) Free Trade Agreement Negotiations started 1990, suspended since 2008
Paraguay Mercosur Association Agreement Negotiations resumed May 2010 
Philippines Free Trade Agreement Negotiations started 01/12/2015
Qatar (GCC) Free Trade Agreement Negotiations started 1990, suspended since 2008
Saudi Arabia (GCC) Free Trade Agreement Negotiations started 1990, suspended since 2008
Thailand Free Trade Agreement Negotiations started 01/03/2013
United Arab Emirates (GCC) Free Trade Agreement Negotiations started 1990, suspended since 2008
United States Transatlantic Trade and Investment Partnership  Negotiations started 01/07/2013
Uruguay Mercosur Association Agreement Negotiations resumed May 2010 
Venezuela Mercosur Free Trade Agreement Suspended as Mercosur Member
Vietnam Free Trade Agreement Negotiations started June 2012