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Bilateral EU-Syria relations are governed by the Cooperation Agreement signed in 1977.

Syria and the EU have negotiated an Association Agreement. However, the signature of the Association Agreement between the EU and Syria has been put on hold by the EU due to the internal situation in Syria.  The ongoing internal repression in Syria has also led to restrictive measures by the EU and has a significant impact on bilateral trade.

Syria applied for WTO membership in October 2001. On 4 May 2010 the WTO General Council established a working party to examine the Syrian request for WTO membership.

Trade picture

  • In 2012, the EU was the fourth trading partner for Syria after Iraq, Saudi Arabia and U.A. Emirates.
  • In the context of implementation of the EU restrictive measures bilateral trade volumes have contracted substantially in 2013 to only €885 million whereby imports from Syria dropped by 53% and exports by 36% as compared to 2012. The structure of trade flows changed accordingly.
  • In 2013 EU exports to Syria consisted mainly of agricultural products (50.7%), machinery and transport equipment (19.4%), and chemicals (18.2%).
  • EU imports from Syria in 2013 consisted of fuels and mining products (36.8%), agricultural products (31.4%) and manufactured products in particular chemicals (5.8).

EU-Syria: Trade in goods

Trade in goods 2014-2016, € billions
Year EU imports EU exports Balance
2014 0.1 0.7 0.6
2015 0.1 0.5 0.4
2016 0.1 0.4 0.4

EU-Syria: Trade in services

Trade in services 2013-2015, € billions
Year EU imports EU exports Balance
2013 0.3 0.2 -0.1
2014 0.3 0.3 0.0
2015 0.2 0.2 0.0

EU-Syria: Foreign direct investment

Foreign direct investment 2015, € billions
Year Inward stocks Outward stocks Balance
2015 0.1 0.7 0.6

Date of retrieval: 15/02/2017

More statistics on Syria

EU and Syria

Following the violent internal repression in Syria, in May 2011 the EU adopted a number of restrictive measures towards Syria, including an import ban on crude oil and petroleum products as well as export restrictions including on dual-use goods, key equipment and technology for the oil and gas industry, as well as certain telecom equipment and luxury goods.

Restrictive measures implemented by the EU also concern the financial and transport sector as well as the financing of certain enterprises and infrastructure projects in Syria. In addition to this, funds and economic resources of persons and entities supporting and/or benefiting from the Syrian regime have also been frozen.

Syria in Euromed

Syria is one of the partners of the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership (Euromed) that promotes economic integration and democratic reform across 16 neighbours to the EU's south in North Africa and in the Middle East.

One important part of this work is to achieve mutually satisfactory trading terms for the Euromed region partners.

More information on the Euro-Mediterranean partnership

Trading with Syria