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The European Commission proposed the signature of the EU-Canada Comprehensive Economic and Trade Agreement (CETA) to the Council of the EU in July 2016. The Council approved the agreement in October 2016 and the European Parliament voted in favour of it on 15 February 2017.

Once Canada has ratified the CETA according to its domestic procedures and notified the EU, the Agreement will be provisionally applied. The EU national parliaments must approve CETA before it can take full effect. For more details read the factsheet "Trade Negotiations Step by Step"

Exporter stories

Small businesses across Europe already export to Canada, or want to do so. They'll get a big helping hand from CETA, a new EU-Canada trade deal.

Read some of their stories

Trade picture

  • In 2015 Canada was the EU's 12th most important trading partner, accounting for 1.8% of the EU's total external trade. The EU was Canada's second most important trading partner, after the U.S., with around 9.5% of Canada's total external trade in goods in 2015.
  • The value of bilateral trade in goods between the EU and Canada was €63.5 billion in 2015. Machinery, chemicals and transport equipment dominate the EU's exports of goods to Canada. Pearls and precious metals, and mineral products dominate the imports of goods from Canada. Machinery and chemicals also constitute an important part of the EU's imports from Canada.
  • The value of bilateral trade in services between the two partners amounted to €27.2 billion in 2014. Examples of traded services between Canada and the EU are transportation, travel, insurance and communication.
  • European investors held investments worth €274.7 bn in Canada while Canadian direct investment stocks in the EU amounted to almost €166 bn in 2014.

EU-Canada: Trade in goods

Trade in goods 2014-2016, € billions
Year EU imports EU exports Balance
2014 27.4 31.6 4.2
2015 28.3 35.1 6.8
2016 29.1 35.2 6.1

EU-Canada: Trade in services

Trade in services 2013-2015, € billions
Year EU imports EU exports Balance
2013 11.6 17.7 6.0
2014 11.2 16.4 5.1
2015 12.1 18.0 5.9

EU-Canada: Foreign direct investment

Foreign direct investment 2015, € billions
Year Inward stocks Outward stocks Balance
2015 228.1 249.2 21.2

Date of retrieval: 15/02/2017

More statistics on Canada

EU and Canada

The current trade relations with Canada are guided by a Framework Agreement for Commercial and Economic Cooperation, in force since 1976. The EU and Canada meet annually in bilateral summits and in the Joint Cooperation Committee to review a range of issues relating to EU-Canada economic and trade relations.

Over the years, the EU and Canada have concluded a number of additional bilateral agreements to make trade easier:

  • A 1997 agreement fostered closer cooperation between EU and Canadian customs administrators.
  • The Veterinary Agreement of 1999 aimed at improving bilateral trade in live animals and animal products.
  • Recent agreements include the Wine and Spirits Agreement (2003), the Civil Aviation Safety Agreement (2009) and the Comprehensive Air Transport Agreement (2009).
  • The Veterinary Agreement and the Wine and Spirits Agreement will be incorporated into CETA with its entry into force.

CETA is expected to increase two-way trade in goods and services, helping to create jobs and grow the economy on both sides of the Atlantic.

The EU and Canada launched CETA negotiations in May 2009 and agreed on the content and its general strategy in June 2009.

The EU-Canada Joint Study of October 2008 showed that both EU and Canadian citizens can expect a closer bilateral trade relationship to boost economic growth and create jobs.

Trading with Canada