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The EU-Algeria Association Agreement was signed in April 2002 and entered into force in September 2005.

This agreement sets out a framework for the EU-Algeria relationship in all areas including trade.

The EU and Algeria adopted shared Partnership Priorities in March 2017. The partnership priorities set up a renewed framework for political engagement and enhanced cooperation.

The Partnership Priorities in the context of EU-Algeria relations up to 2020 focus on a variety of areas, including trade and access to the European single market, energy, the environment and sustainable development.

Algeria is in the process of accession to the WTO , with support from the European Union.

Exporter stories

See how the EU-Algeria trade agreement benefits companies and communities across the EU

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Trade picture

  • The European Union is Algeria's largest trading partner and absorbs the major part of Algerian international trade (50.3%). Total trade between the EU and Algeria amounted to €35.2 billion in 2016. Algeria is the EU's 20th largest partner for imports and 24th largest partner for exports.
  • EU-Algeria trade has decreased by 13.3% between 2015 and 2016, in part due to lower oil prices. Between 2016 and 2017 EU-Algeria trade increased by 1.3%.
  • Fuel and mining products made up 95.7% of EU imports from Algeria in 2017. Chemicals represented the second most important exported product, worth 2.9% of Algeria's exports to the EU.
  • The EU's main exports to Algeria are machinery (22.2%),  transport equipment (13.4%), agricultural products (12.8%), chemicals (12.8%) and iron and steel (10.2%).

EU-Algeria: Trade in goods

Trade in goods 2015-2017, € billions
Year EU imports EU exports Balance
2015 20.9 22.3 1.3
2016 16.5 20.4 3.9
2017 18.6 18.8 0.3

EU-Algeria: Trade in services

Trade in services 2014-2016, € billions
Year EU imports EU exports Balance
2014 1.6 3.3 1.7
2015 1.7 3.6 1.9
2016 1.6 3.7 2.1

EU-Algeria: Foreign direct investment

Foreign direct investment 2016, € billions
Year Inward stocks Outward stocks Balance
2016 2.3 14.6 12.3

Date of retrieval: 16/04/2018

More statistics on Algeria

EU and Algeria

Algeria has a Free Trade Agreement with the EU which already grants preferential treatment to its exports to the EU; therefore, according to the Regulation on Generalised Scheme of Preferences (GSP), Algeria has stopped benefiting from GSP treatment from January 2014.

Algeria in Euromed

Algeria is one of the partners of the Euro-Mediterranean Partnership (Euromed).

Euromed is one of the initiatives of the European Neighbourhood Policy, through which the EU offers its neighbours a privileged relationship, building upon a mutual commitment to common values (including democracy and human rights, rule of law, good governance, market economy principles and sustainable development). These objectives are in the EU cooperation programme for Algeria 2014-2017.

More information on the Euro-Mediterranean partnership

The pan-Euro-Mediterranean cumulation and the PEM Convention on rules of origin

The pan-Euro-Mediterranean cumulation system of origin brings together the EU, Algeria, and other Mediterranean countries to create a common system of rules of origin.

The system was originally based on a network of free trade agreements having individual origin protocols. These individual origin protocols are being replaced by a reference to the Regional Convention on pan-Euro-Mediterranean preferential rules of origin (PEM Convention), which was established in 2011 to provide a more unified framework for origin protocols. Algeria joined the Regional Convention in March 2017.

More information on Mediterranean preferential Rules of Origin

Trading with Algeria