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Trade defence

The EU’s support for open and fair trade depends on a level playing field between domestic and foreign producers. Trade defence instruments, such as anti-dumping or anti-subsidy duties, are ways of protecting European production against international trade distortions.

The role of trade defence

  • Open trade is a recognised engine for growth and job-creation but it requires that fair competition, without distortions, is maintained between domestic and foreign producers.
  • The use of trade defence is based on rules set out by the World Trade Organisation. The EU is an efficient user of these instruments and applies a number of conditions additional to the WTO rules to ensure their use is measured.
  • There has been a constant decrease in the percentage of EU imports affected by EU anti-dumping and anti-subsidy measures. Less than 0.5% of total EU imports are currently affected by such measures.

EU Trade defence policy

Trade defence instruments

A quick tour of the different Trade Defence Instruments to tackle unfair trade.

The EU applies trade defence instruments in accordance with EU and WTO law. The European Commission monitors the application of these instruments, follows up the enforcement of measures and negotiates future rules with international partners.

The EU also monitors trade defence investigations in other countries around the world and guides EU producers affected by such investigations.

Specific EU trade defence cases

More on Trade defence

The World Trade Organisation sets the global framework for anti-dumping and anti-subsidy rules.