Direct taxes - Personal Income Tax

    Generic part

    Personal income tax - Wage tax
    Lohnsteuer
    DE - Germany
    EUR
    Date
    Year
    1920/03/29
    2019/01/01
    2019/01/17 12:46:19

    Contact information

    Administration

    Service

    Website

    E-mail

    Telephone

    Who sets

    The tax rate is set by

    • Central authority
    • Regional authority
    • Local authority
    • Social security

    The tax base is set by

    • Central authority
    • Regional authority
    • Local authority
    • Social security

    The reliefs are set by

    • Central authority
    • Regional authority
    • Local authority
    • Social security

    Beneficiary

    • Central authority
    • Regional authority
    • Local authority
    • Social security
    • Others

    Geographical Scope

    DE - Germany
    No Yes

    Taxpayers

    Who is liable for the tax?

    • Residents
    • Non-Residents

    Tax object and basis of assessment

    As general rule, taxable income under personal income tax includes

    • Employment income
    • Income from business or self-employed activities
    • Income from sport and entertainment activities
    • Benefits in kind (company car, meal cheques, etc)
    • Pension income
    • Owner-occupied immovable property
    • Dividends
    • Interests from government bonds
    • Interests from corporate bonds
    • Interests from special saving accounts
    • Interests from deposits
    • Royalties
    • Income from renting immovable property
    • Income from renting movable property
    • Capital gains on immovable property
    • Capital gains on movable property
    • Inheritance
    • Annuities from life insurance
    • Prizes and awards
    • Scholarships
    • Income from occasional activities
    • Revenues from donations and gifts
    • Revenues from lotteries and games activities

    Income considered for residents

    Domestic income
    Worldwide income (subject to double-tax relief)

    Domestic-source income of non-residents is

    Taxed
    Not Taxed

    Employment incomes of married couples are

    Taxed jointly
    Taxed separately

    Benefits in kind

    • Company car
    • Low-interest loans
    • Stock options
    • Meal, sport, cultural cheques
    • Health insurance
    • Computer and IT services
    • Phone and telecommunications services
    • Parking
    • Public transport
    • Day-care for children
    • Meals at cantine
    • Accommodation

    Deductions, Allowances, Credits, Exemptions

    Deductions from the tax base

    • Child care expenses
    • Educational expenses
    • Sport activities expenses
    • Medical expenses
    • Travel expenses
    • Interest on mortgages
    • Capital from mortgages
    • Interest from loans other than mortgages
    • Alimony obligations under law
    • Donations
    • Contributions to supplementary pension or health insurance
    • Contributions to life insurance funds
    • Investments in companies located in specific regions or active in specific businesses
    • Investments in eco-friendly or energy-efficient goods
    • Investment in IT materials or e-services
    • Membership fees to Unions
    • National, regional or local taxes

    Deduction for professional expenses, in particular for employees

    • No deduction
    • A lump-sum amount:
    1,000
    • In percentage of income:
    • Based on real expenses
    • Capped

    Deduction for professional expenses, in particular for self-employed

    • No deduction
    • A lump-sum amount:
    • In percentage of income:
    • Based on real expenses
    • Capped

    Deduction for child care expenses

    • No deduction
    • A lump-sum amount:
    • In percentage of income:
    • Based on real expenses
    • Capped

    Allowances

      in EUR/National Currency or % of tax base
    9,168
    18,336

    Credits

      in EUR/National Currency or % of tax base
    2,388
    2,388
    2,460
    2,760
    • Child care expenses
    • Educational expenses
    • Sport activities expenses
    • Medical expenses
    • Travel expenses
    • Interest on mortgages
    • Capital from mortgages
    • Interest from loans other than mortgages
    • Alimony obligations under law
    • Donations
    • Contributions to supplementary pension or health insurance
    • Contributions to life insurance funds
    • Investments in companies located in specific regions or active in specific businesses
    • Investments in eco-friendly or energy-efficient goods
    • Investment in IT materials or e-services
    • Membership fees to Unions
    • National, regional or local taxes

    Losses

    • Carried-forward for
    • Indefinite
    • Carried-back for
    • Indefinite
    • Transferred to spouse or partner

    Exemptions

    • Employment income
    • Income from business or self-employed activities
    • Income from sport and entertainment activities
    • Benefits in kind (company car, meal cheques, etc)
    • Pension income
    • Owner-occupied immovable property
    • Dividends
    • Interests from government bonds
    • Interests from corporate bonds
    • Interests from special saving accounts
    • Interests from deposits
    • Royalties
    • Income from renting immovable property
    • Income from renting movable property
    • Capital gains on immovable property
    • Capital gains on movable property
    • Inheritance
    • Annuities from life insurance
    • Prizes and awards
    • Scholarships
    • Income from occasional activities
    • Revenues from donations and gifts
    • Revenues from lotteries and games activities

    Rate(s) Structure

    Amount (from) Amount (to) Rate -
    0
    9,168
    0 %
    9,169
    14,254
    14,255
    55,960
    55,961
    265,326
    42 %
    265,327
    45 %


    Regional taxes

    • A lump-sum amount:
    • A percentage of income:
    • A tax surcharge:

    Local/municipal taxes

    • A lump-sum amount:
    • A percentage of income:
    • A tax surcharge:

    Special surcharges

    Surcharge

    Solidarity surcharge
    • A lump-sum amount:
    • A percentage of income:
    • A tax surcharge:
    5.5 %

    Church tax
    • A lump-sum amount:
    • A percentage of income:
    • A tax surcharge:
    0 %


    Separate taxation

    • Employment income
    • Income from business or self-employed activities
    • Income from sport and entertainment activities
    • Benefits in kind (company car, meal cheques, etc)
    • Pension income
    • Owner-occupied immovable property
    • Dividends
    • Interests from government bonds
    • Interests from corporate bonds
    • Interests from special saving accounts
    • Interests from deposits
    • Royalties
    • Income from renting immovable property
    • Income from renting movable property
    • Capital gains on immovable property
    • Capital gains on movable property
    • Inheritance
    • Annuities from life insurance
    • Prizes and awards
    • Scholarships
    • Income from occasional activities
    • Revenues from donations and gifts
    • Revenues from lotteries and games activities

    Withholding taxes

    • Dividends
    Final Creditable
    • Interests from government bonds
    Final Creditable
    • Interests from corporate bonds
    Final Creditable
    • Interests from special saving accounts
    Final Creditable
    • Interests from deposits
    Final Creditable

    Tax due date

    Tax collector

    General comments

    Economic function

    • Consumption
    • Labour Employed (paid by employers and employees)
    • Labour Non-employed
    • Capital income: corporations
    • Capital income: income of households
    • Capital income: income of self-employed
    • Capital stocks

    Environmental taxes

    • Energy
    • Transport
    • Pollution/resources

    Tax revenue

    a part of d51m-c01 and a part of d51e-c01
    Year Annual tax revenue (in millions) % of GDP % of total tax revenue -
    2017
    222,119
    6.7774 %
    17.3329 %
    2016
    211,791
    6.7028 %
    17.2938 %
    2015
    204,087
    6.6939 %
    17.4537 %
    2014
    193,529
    6.5858 %
    17.3037 %
    2013
    184,369
    6.5235 %
    17.0789 %
    2012
    175,627
    6.3673 %
    16.8249 %
    2011
    165,320
    6.1159 %
    16.4247 %
    2010
    154,349
    5.9824 %
    16.29 %
    2009
    159,803
    6.4953 %
    17.0886 %
    2008
    164,439
    6.419 %
    17.0188 %
    2007
    154,562
    6.1499 %
    16.4519 %
    2006
    145,280
    6.0704 %
    16.2753 %
    2005
    140,653
    6.1131 %
    16.5221 %
    2004
    143,461
    6.3181 %
    17.0776 %
    2003
    152,039
    6.8484 %
    18.096 %
    2002
    150,931
    6.8317 %
    18.2299 %
    2001
    149,450
    6.856 %
    18.0701 %
    2000
    152,667
    7.2133 %
    18.0659 %

    Footnotes