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Generic Tax Name Personal income tax - National income tax
Tax name in the national language Inkomstskatt
Tax name in English National income tax
Member State SE-Sweden
Tax in force since 2000/01/01
If abolished, date on which the tax ceases to apply
Business version date 2011/01/01
Version date 2011/08/19
This file was last updated on

Type of tax
Direct taxes Personal income tax
Corporate income tax

Indirect taxes VAT
Excise duty (EU harmonised)
Alcoholic beverages
Energy products and electricity
Manufactured tobacco

Social security contribution Employers
Legal base

Income Tax Act (1999:1229).

Who sets
The tax rate is set by

The tax base is set by

The reliefs are set by



Geographical Scope

Domestic-source income of non-residents is Taxed
Not Taxed

Employment incomes of married couples are Taxed jointly
Taxed separately


Unrestricted tax liability:

-resident individuals and individuals who have a habitual abode in Sweden except individuals with a connection with an embassy of a foreign state.

Restricted tax liability:

-individuals not mentioned above;

-individuals with a connection with an embassy of a foreign state;

-the family and personal servants of an individual with a connection with an embassy of a foreign state.

Tax object and basis of assessment
As general rule, taxable income under personal income tax includes


Income considered Domestic income
Worldwide income (subject to double-tax relief)

Benefits in kind
The following benefits in kind are usually (partially or fully) taxable



National income tax is levied on earned income.

The earned income consists of income from employment (salaries, wages, pensions and other similar kinds of remuneration) and on income from unincorporated business. Income tax is also levied on, for example, sickness allowances and unemployment benefits. Expenses for acquiring the income are deductible. The assessed income is calculated by subtracting general allowances.

Deductions, Allowances, Credits, Exemptions
Deduction for professional expenses.
The deduction is:


Deductions from the tax base
The following items are usually (partially or fully) deductible


The basic yearly allowance for an individual amounts to: 12,600.00  EUR/National currency
The basic yearly allowance for a couple amounts to:
Additional allowance for 1st child
Additional allowance for 2nd child
Additional allowance for 3rd child
Additional allowance for additional child
Additional allowance for old age dependents

the basic allowance depends on income and varies between SEK 12,600 - 33,000 (2011).

The basic yearly credit for an individual amounts to:
The basic yearly credit for a couple amounts to:
Additional credit for 1st child
Additional credit for 2nd child
Additional credit for 3rd child
Additional credit for additional child
Additional credit for old age dependents
There are tax credits for:


A tax credit is allowed for the general pension contribution.

For income from employment or unincorporated business income, an earned income tax credit (the in-work tax credit) is allowed. This tax credit only affects the central government tax revenue.

Losses can be
Carried-forward for Indefinite
Carried-back for Indefinite
Transferred to spouse or partner

The following income is exempted from income tax


Rate(s) Structure
The following personal income tax rates apply to aggregate annual income (allowances not included)
Bracket 1 From  383,000.00  EUR/Natcur
To   EUR/Natcur
Rate: 20.00 %
Bracket 2 From  548,300.00  EUR/Natcur
To   EUR/Natcur
Rate: 25.00 %

Regional taxes
Regional taxes are (rate in capital region) A lump-sum amount:
A percentage of income:
A tax surcharge:

Local/municipal taxes
Local taxes are (rate in capital city) A lump-sum amount:
A percentage of income:
A tax surcharge:

Special surcharges
There are special surcharges in the form of:

Separate taxation
Separate taxation applies to the following items: Employment income
Income from business or self-employed activities
Income from sport and entertainment activities
Benefits in kind (company car, meal cheques, etc)
Pension income
Owner-occupied immovable property
Interests from government bonds
Interests from corporate bonds
Interests from special saving accounts
Interests from deposits
Income from renting immovable property
Income from renting movable property
Capital gains on immovable property
Capital gains on movable property
Annuities from life insurance
Prizes and awards
Income from occasional activities
Revenues from donations and gifts
Revenues from lotteries and games activities

Withholding taxes
The tax is withheld when paid to residents on: Dividends:
Final Creditable
Interests from governments bonds:
Final Creditable
Interests from corporate bonds:
Final Creditable
Interests from special saving accounts:
Final Creditable
Interests from deposits:
Final Creditable

Tax due date

Tax collector

The tax is collected by the yearly assessment.

Special features

Non-residents that have been liable to pay income tax according to the Income Tax Act and that receive all or almost all of their income from Sweden, can choose to be taxed according to the Income Tax Act or the Income Tax on non-Residents Act.

Economic function


Environmental taxes

Tax revenue
ESA95 code d51m (d51a (d519))

Annual tax revenue (millions)
Tax revenue as % of GDP
Tax revenue as % of total tax revenue
2009 -122,462.50 SEK -3.72
2008 -91,237.00 SEK -2.69
2007 -77,229.60 SEK -2.34
2006 -41,374.30 SEK -1.33
2005 -32,963.40 SEK -1.13
2004 -26,457.70 SEK -0.94
2003 -23,952.30 SEK -0.90
2002 -26,262.50 SEK -1.02
2001 -1,778.00 SEK -0.07
2000 14,606.70 SEK 0.61


The revenue is net of tax credits, which is the reason for negative, increasing amounts. Between 2000 and 2005 a tax reform took place that concerned the relation between income tax and the general pension contribution. The reform shifted from a deduction of the general pension contribution amount to a tax credit of this amount. Consequently, the tax credits rose during this period. In 2007, the earned income tax credit was introduced. The earned income tax credit has been extended in 2008, 2009 and 2010.