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The main building block of customs security at EU level in both legislative and practical terms is the 'Safety and Security Amendment' to the Community Customs Code. The Amendment aims to ensure an equivalent level of protection through customs controls for all goods brought into or out of the EU's customs territory.
The amendment covers four major changes to the Customs Code:
- Requiring traders to provide customs authorities with information on goods prior to import to or export from the European Union;
- Providing reliable traders with trade facilitation measures (see Authorised Economic Operator);
- Introducing uniform Community risk-selection criteria for controls, supported by computerised systems for goods brought into, or out of, the EU customs territory;
- Introducing, Community data base allowing the consultation of all national registration numbers ( EORI);
- Not to delay consignments pending the results of the risk analysis, and
- To allow carriers to concentrate all the information in a single customs office instead of several ones,
the safety and security risk analysis will be carried out before the arrival of the goods in the EU.
This means that risk related information (i.e. security data ) has to be shared between the competent authorities of the Member States and the European Commission.
From 1 July 2009 onwards relevant security data has in principle to be provided before the goods enter or leave the Community customs territory. The security data has to be sent electronically by economic operators with the possibility of exchanging this information with Member States administrations. From 1 July 2009 to 31 December 2010, however, this advance declaration will be an option, for traders and not an obligation. During that transitional period, goods not declared in advance will be submitted to risk analysis after arrival or before departure.
- Information leaflet in English, Arabic, Belorussian, Croatian, Russian, Serbian, Turkish and Ukrainian