Customs related security initiatives of the EU
In order to respond to security concerns relating to the international trade in goods, the European Commission presented a series of measures designed to provide a coordinated and effective response (see Communication COM (2003) 452). This package brings together the basic concepts underlying the new security-management model for the EU's external borders, such as a harmonised risk assessment system.
The security amendment to the Community Customs Code (Regulation (EC) n° 648/2005 of 13 April 2005) was published in the Official Journal on 4 May 2005. This introduces a number of measures to tighten security for goods crossing international borders. It will mean faster and better-targeted checks.
The amendment covers three major changes to the Customs Code:
- Requiring traders to provide customs authorities with information on goods prior to import to or export from the European Union;
- Providing reliable traders with trade facilitation measures (see Authorised Economic Operator (AEO));
- Introducing uniform Community risk -selection criteria for controls, supported by computerised systems.
The implementing provisions concerning the security amendment to the Customs Code (Regulation 1875/2006) entered into force on 26 December 2006 (see also Press Release IP/06/1821 and MEMO/06/495 ). These provisions set out the operational details in the customs processes for the above mentioned measures. They apply within the following timeframe:
- Use of a common risk management framework to support improved risk based controls by customs authorities. This system has been used since early 2007 and will be fully computerised by 2009.
- Entry into force, on 1 January 2008, of the provisions for the Authorised Economic Operator programme (AEO) .
- On 1 July 2009 it will become mandatory for traders to provide customs authorities with advance information on goods brought into, or out of, the customs territory of the European Union. (See Pre Arrival / Pre Departure Declarations, also guidelines on acceptable goods description and on Specific Commodity codes for air and ship supplies )
The EU Customs Security Programme covers activities supporting the development and implementation of the security measures mentioned above. In particular:
- Introducing proper security controls to ensure the protection of the internal market and, in close cooperation with major trading partners in the world, the securing of international supply chains.
- Providing assistance to traders who show compliant efforts to secure their part of the internationals supply chains.
Read more about the EU Customs Security Programme .