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European Economic Area


The EEA (EC, Iceland , Norway and Liechtenstein) is considered as a single territory with a common EEA originating status.

a) General introduction and legal framework

The Contracting Parties to the EEA Agreement (1994) are the EC, Iceland , Norway and Liechtenstein. Protocol 4 to the Agreement contains the rules of origin applicable (OJ L 321 of 8.12.2005).

These countries apply full cumulation between them, the EEA being considered as a single territory, with a common "EEA originating status".

They also apply diagonal cumulation with the other partner countries of the pan-Euro-Med zone.

Detailed information about EEA full cumulation of origin and its linkage to the pan-Euro-Med system of cumulation of origin is available in the User's Handbook to the rules of Preferential Origin used in the trade between the Ommunity, other European countries and the countries participating to the Euro-Mediterranean Partnershippdf(494 kB) Choose translations of the previous link  .

b) Specific provisions

NOTICE: These specific provisions only contain information on cases where the rules of the particular arrangement differ from the common provisions, or where these common provisions need to be complemented. Therefore, always check the common provisions too.


EEA members apply diagonal cumulation of origin with the rest of the pan-Euro-Med countries, and full cumulation between themselves.

An important point is that EEA members can apply diagonal cumulation of origin also between themselves whenever it can confer preferential origin of an EEA country (in this case the declared origin will be the one of the country, not the EEA origin itself).

Proof of origin

In the case of EEA full cumulation a EUR.1 certificate or an invoice declaration are required. Their period of validity and the exemptions from certification of origin granted by the Protocol are the same that apply at pan-Euro-Med level.


Almost all of the specificities of the pan-Euro-Med system of cumulation of origin apply to EEA full cumulation (no drawback rule, general tolerance rule, principle of territoriality, direct transport rule, accounting segregation, administrative co-operation). However, the following must be mentioned:

  • Full cumulation applicable inside the EEA.
  • Existence of an "EEA originating status" for goods obtaining preferential origin through full cumulation. Whenever diagonal cumulation is applied the origin declared will be EC, Norway , Iceland or Liechtenstein.

The different manufacturing operations on non-originating materials inside the zone are traced either through a supplier's declaration or a long-term supplier's declaration (see Council Regulation (EC) N° 1207/2001 of 11 June 2001).