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What are the rules?
If you plan to enter or leave the EU with € 10 000 or more in cash (or its equivalent in other currencies) you must declare it to the customs authorities.
Who needs to declare?
Any person entering or leaving the EU with €10 000 or more in cash is required to declare that sum to the competent authorities of the Member State through which he/she is entering or leaving the EU.
What is cash?
Cash is not only currency. There are other items that are considered cash (i.e. bearer negotiable instruments).
How to declare?
If you enter or leave the EU with € 10.000 or more in cash, you must declare it to Customs. You must use the specific EU Cash Declaration Form for each Member State (except France, where you must use a national form).
Why this obligation?
What if I don't declare?
The cash can be detained or seized. National legislation sets penalties applicable in case of not declaring or falsely declaring. This can include prison sentences for cases related to money laundering or terrorism financing.
What will happen with the information I provide?
Confidentiality of the data provided is guaranteed in order to protect your security when carrying cash.
The information you provide will be made available to the Financial Intelligence Unit (FIU) of the Member State through which you are entering or leaving the EU. FIUs are central agencies set up to monitor financial transactions in order to combat money laundering and terrorist financing.
When there is evidence that cash is being carried for the purpose of money laundering or terrorist financing, Member States may exchange information with each other or with the European Commission.
Information in your language
A multilingual leaflet provides information on the cash control rules applicable. Languages available include several EU languages as well as Arabic, Chinese, Farsi, Hindi, Japanese, Russian, Turkish and Vietnamese.
- The 'Cash control Regulation': Regulation No 1889/2005
- Implementation report on the application of Cash Controls : COM (2010) 429
- Recommendation 32 (R 32) on cash couriers adopted by the Financial Action Task Force (FATF)