This Policy Brief explains what entrepreneurial networks are, and how disadvantaged or under-represented groups can join them. Online networks in particular offer the added advantage of removing physical distances. The document also shows that by linking target groups with the business community, and helping the networks set up and widen their scope, the policy can provide real support. This Policy Brief is available online in English, French and German.
This Policy Brief is part of a series of documents produced by the OECD and the European Commission on inclusive entrepreneurship. The series includes policy briefs on youth entrepreneurship, senior entrepreneurship, social entrepreneurship, evaluation of inclusive entrepreneurship programmes, access to business start-up finance for inclusive entrepreneurship and entrepreneurship by the disabled as a well as a report on `The Missing Entrepreneurs’. All these documents are available in English, French and German. They are available at http://www.oecd.org/cfe/leed/inclusive-entrepreneurship.htm.
The paper provides a comparative analysis on human resources trends and their implications for employment and economic growth at global scale. Taking stock of specific population characteristics, it focuses on the inescapable challenge of workforce shrinking and its policy implications. The analysis concludes that productivity growth will progressively become the only way to sustain economic growth not only in the EU and several other industrialised regions but also in some of the emerging economies. It also reveals a growing north-south imbalance in terms of labour reserves. While the 2013 publication looked at human resources constrains within the EU, this paper extends to the global context, comparing the EU to other global players.
This report by the European Social Policy Network (ESPN) looks at the overall approach to social investment in 35 countries. It focuses on three key areas of social investment: early childhood development; support for the participation of parents in the labour market; and support to those experiencing social and labour market exclusion.
This Peer Review (Italy, 11–12 December 2014) – and the P.I.P.P.I. programme (Programma di Intervento Per la Prevenzione dell’Istituzionalizzazione - Programme of Intervention to Prevent Institutionalisation) which is its focus – is especially interesting for its efforts to enable children to be full participants. The policy problems which are at the core of the Peer Review are long-standing concerns in Europe and yet also a focus of innovation and renewal. This report summarises the key issues discussed and the lessons learned. It is available in electronic format in English, French, German and Italian.
This document looks at the vital role of welfare systems in improving citizen well-being and looks at what needs to be done to address related challenges, including modernisation of systems. It answers the questions of why social innovation policy is important, who is involved in the process and the EU’s role.
This publication will be available in electronic format in English, French and German.
This study examines the economic trends that have led to changes in employment and industrial relations in the telecommunications and ICT sectors at national and European level. It is intended to provide an analytical underpinning to establish new demarcation lines of the industry from the view point of the European social dialogue. As such, it is intended as an entry point for the representativeness study in the sector.
This publication will be available in electronic format only in English.
This report provides a comprehensive overview of the set-up of social protection systems in the EU. It illustrates the heterogeneity across Member States' social protection systems in terms of their size, structure, and financing arrangements. The document addresses the question of the effectiveness and efficiency of the systems in place, taking a broad approach that accounts for the multiple objectives of social policies and the related social and employment outcomes. Country overviews and relevant data are provided.
The report delivers on the core task of the Social Protection Committee (SPC) to monitor the social situation in the Member States and the European Union. It is prepared by the Secretariat of the Committee and its Indicators' Sub-group. The report provides an analysis of recent trends in the social situation in the Member States and the European Union and shows that there has been little improvement in the overall situation in the EU, although trends are more mixed than in preceding years. Continuing disparities occur across Member States and the situation is worsening in several. The report focuses on the results from the latest edition of the Social Protection Performance Monitor (SPPM), which is based on a set of key indicators for monitoring developments in the social situation.
The Industrial Relations in Europe series provides an overview of trends and developments in the collective relationships between workers, employers and their respective representatives in the European Union. The 2014 edition examines the fallout of the economic and sovereign debt crisis in relation to industrial relations and social dialogue. It includes in-depth analyses of developments in wage bargaining systems; industrial relations in Member States receiving financial assistance, as well as industrial relations and youth employment. In addition, it presents an update of recent developments in European Social Dialogue and Labour Law.
This publication is available in printed format in English.
This chapter presents an up-to-date picture of industrial relations in the EU and discusses significant developments that have occurred, considering them in the context of changes to industrial relations taking place over the longer-term. Some changes that we are currently witnessing have been shown to be rooted in trends that began long before the economic crisis, but which have, sometimes, been intensified by it, whereas other developments have been directly induced by the crisis.
On the basis of the main trends identified in chapter 1, this chapter considers the role of collective bargaining in wage-setting, in a context of greater intervention by national governments and an evolving European economic governance regime.
Greece, Ireland, Portugal, Spain and Cyprus faced a severe debt and fiscal crisis, with weak economic growth and large increases in unemployment. All five countries implemented far-reaching reforms, including to industrial relations systems, but social dialogue did not always play a prominent role in the design and implementation of such reforms, and in many cases consensus proved elusive. With the goal of linking wages better to company-level productivity levels, measures have been taken that decentralised wage bargaining. The effect of the reforms on the quality of social dialogue will need to be carefully monitored.
This chapter gives an overview of the role of industrial relations in promoting schemes to help young people enter the labour market. It focuses on topics for discussion between the social partners and the actions taken and initiatives put in place to try to address the problems associated with youth unemployment.
European social dialogue refers to discussions, consultations, negotiations and joint actions involving organisations representing the two sides of industry (employers and workers) at the European level. This chapter provides an overview of developments from September 2012 to December 2014, with a focus on processes, actors and outcomes.
This chapter provides a comprehensive overview of the developments at EU level in the field of labour law including health and safety at work during the past two years. It highlights legislative developments and related action aiming at ensuring in particular the correct implementation, monitoring and review of EU law, and summarises key Court rulings in the area at issue.
The Industrial Relations in Europe series provides an overview of trends and developments in the collective relationships between workers, employers and their respective representatives in the European Union, including the tripartite dimension where public authorities at different levels are involved.
The 2014 edition examines the fallout of the economic and sovereign debt crisis in relation to industrial relations and social dialogue. It includes in-depth analyses of developments in wage bargaining systems; industrial relations in Member States receiving financial assistance, as well as industrial relations and youth employment. In addition, it presents an update of recent developments in European social dialogue and labour law.
The Executive Summary is available online in 24 language versions.