According this edition of the EU Employment and Social Situation Quarterly Review difficulties on the labour markets remain persistent in a context of economic stagnation. They are marked by ever higher unemployment at EU level (10.7% in November 2012) and rising divergence across Member States, while the number of people at risk of poverty or social exclusion in the EU now accounts for nearly one-fourth of the EU population.
The share of the EU population reporting their households are experiencing financial distress has risen sharply in recent months, while living standards and the perceived quality of life have declined with the crisis. On the positive side, the unadjusted gender pay gap in the EU declined between 2008 and 2010.
DG Employment builds on the first Employment and Social Developments in Europe (ESDE) Review in this second edition, by conducting an analysis of the economic and social situation in the EU. Following a year which has seen several Member States witnessing escalating debt crises, public spending is decreasing. With different parts of the EU seeing different social and employment trends, finding the right policy responses in certain key areas is crucial. Long-term employment exclusion, its impact on the labour market and the broader social dimension, is considered in this context. The functioning and efficiency of various social protection systems is also examined, with a particular focus on the effect of distributional and design aspects. Finally, the Review looks at the impact of wage developments and the problem of skill mismatches as well, concluding a fair and equitable structural adjustment agenda is needed. This publication will be available in printed format in English. All the graphs and tables included in this report can be downloaded both in gif and excel format by accessing the individual chapters.
As the population in the EU continues to age, counteracting the resulting demographic forces is becoming increasingly important. Helping these people remain economically active has the potential to have important economic and social benefits, not only for the target group, but for society on the whole. The European Commission and OECD have joined forces to produce a brochure, which emphasises the importance of a shift in entrepreneurship policy within this demographic, to encourage it to become more active. In this context, it examines a range of different initiatives and schemes that could be implemented to promote business start-ups by older people.This brochure will be available online in English, German and French.
This report presents the results of a study on the practical implementation of substitution of hazardous chemicals, as an occupational health and safety risk management measure, in workplaces across the EU. Funded by DG Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion, the publication examines if there is a need for an EU-wide common guidance on substitution, with results indicating that such a document would be welcome. It recognises that various approaches to substitution – as well as challenges to these approaches – exist, and there-fore the bulk of the report focuses on developing a common approach to substitution and presenting it as a guidance document. This publication is available in electronic format in English.
The European Vacancy and Recruitment Report is the first of a set of biennial reports to be launched by the European Commission as part of the EU Skills Panorama. The report focuses on changes in the demand for labour, including analyses of contractual arrangements, sector demand, occupation demand, growing occupations, difficult to fill vacancies (bottleneck occupations), skills requirements and the market shares of public employment services and temporary work agencies. The report shows that top bottleneck occupations all over Europe are in health, ICT, engineering, sales and finance. This publication is available in electronic format in English only.
Ez a kiadvány bemutatja az Európai Szociális Alapot, annak tevékenységeit, valamint azt, hogy az ESZA tevékenységei miként segítenek számos csoportot Európa-szerte abban, hogy új készségeket szerezzenek és javítsanak munkaerő-piaci kilátásaikon.
As the EU continues to try to overcome the current economic crisis, the reduction of unemployment – and in particular long-term unemployment (LTU) – is a priority for citizens and policymakers alike. This report looks at how LTU has changed at national and EU level, and tries to identify groups according to age, gender, educational level, migrant/ethnic minority status, job sector/occupation and region of residence. Structural factors (skills mismatches, insurance contribution policies etc) on the demand and supply side seeking to explain these trends are examined, before the report starts analyzing different policy options that could be used to overcome this problem. This publication is available in electronic format in English, French and German.
This report, jointly prepared by the European Commission and the Social Protection Committee (SPC), focuses on the adequacy dimension of pensions. It has been developed as a complement to the Ageing Report by the Economic Policy Committee (EPC) and considers pension policy objectives in the context of accelerating population ageing and the current economic crisis. Specifically, it looks at how to reconcile and optimize sustainability and adequacy concerns amongst Member States. This publication is available in electronic format in English only.
Preserving Europe’s competitiveness in a way that respects social cohesion and creates new, sustainable jobs will be crucial to the future. The report ‘Restructuring in Europe’ describes the actions developed by the Commission to support employers and employees alike adapt to the rapidly changing business environment to sustain a high level of employment while maintaining and reforming social protection. This publication is available online only in English, French and German.
The OECD and European Commission have produced a new policy brief on youth entrepreneurship. It covers the scale of self-employment
and entrepreneurship activities undertaken by young people, including by gender, education level, industry sector, country and sub-national
geographic areas, as well as the drivers for and barriers to youth entrepreneurship and self-employment. The policy brief also presents policy lessons from evidence on entrepreneurship activities and policy experience.
This publication is available online only in English, French and German.