Investing in the green economy will be key to overcoming the employment crisis in the EU and driving economic
growth. In order for the Commission’s integrated policy approach to work an environmental focus needs to be
prioritised at Member State level as well. This review looks at whether and to what extent national and regional
governments have refocused their policy efforts towards green sectors, and the nature of the policy efforts pursued.
The European policy context for promoting transition to green growth is examined and the types of national/regional
policies and measures identified, before the findings and lessons are summarised.
This publication is available in electronic format (pdf and e-book) in English.
The first working paper in the 2013 series reviews social protection expenditure developments in the crisis, focusing on expenditure trends in volumes following the peak of the crisis (2009), on changes in the distribution of incomes and, notably, on the distributional impact of austerity packages. The topics discussed relate to the March 2013 edition of the EU Employment and Social Situation Quarterly Review. This Working paper is available in electronic format in English.
The EU is supporting Member States to develop high quality apprenticeship and traineeship programmes to:
• make the school-to-work transition easier
• equip young people with the right skills and experience for sustainable employment.
This publication is available in electronic format in English, French, German, Italian, Spanish and Polish.
This paper considers the impact of social entrepreneurship in European communities, finding that working with such enterprises and helping them develop can result in widespread gains for public budgets. Starting and running such a business can pose a number of problems though, as it must not only overcome entrepreneurial challenges, but also those that arise from the social dimension. The report concludes that promoting policies that create a favourable environment for such entrepreneurs, is crucial for them to fulfil their potential. This brochure is available online in English, German and French.
This publication is a part of a series that explains what the EU does in different policy areas, why the EU is involved and what the results are. You can see online which ones are available and download them at: http://europa.eu/pol/index_en.htm.
The number of people aged 60+ is increasing at a fast rate and the result is a rapid increase in the dependency ratio. Alongside the associated risks for the sustainability of public finances, there are many opportunities as older people represent a valuable asset to society. These were discussed at the Peer Review held in Warsaw in October 2012 and hosted by the Polish Ministry of Labour and Social Policy. Representatives of eight Member States, the European Commission and stakeholder organisations attended the event. This report summarises the key issues discussed and the lessons learned. It is available in electronic format in English, French, German and Polish.
The Social Europe guide is a bi-annual publication aimed at providing an interested but not necessarily specialised audience with a concise overview of specific areas of EU policy in the field of employment, social affairs and inclusion. It illustrates the key issues and challenges, explains policy actions and instruments at EU level and provides examples of best practices from EU Member States. It also presents views on the subject from the Council Presidency and the European Parliament.
The fourth volume in the series describes the vivid world of social economy organisations (such as cooperatives, associations, mutuals and foundations) as well as the more recent phenomenon of social entrepreneurship, i.e. business created to achieve social rather than financial goals. In addition, it illustrates trends towards greater social responsibility among citizens/consumers, for-profit companies and financial institutions. Finally it reviews ways in which European and national policies support the social economy and social enterprise.
The guide is available in printed format in German, Greek, English and French.
The worsening social situation and problems of sustainability of social protection requires action across Europe. The Commission's Social Investment Package guides Member States to modernize their welfare systems by "preparing" people to confront life's risks, thus reducing the need to ‘repair’ the consequences. Harnessing policy
expertise, the reform process, shared ownership with stakeholders and EU funds towards social investment will ensure full implementation. This publication will be available in printed format in English, French and German.
Social enterprises contribute to at least three key objectives of the Europe 2020 Strategy - employment and growth, innovation and the fight against poverty. This report summarises the main outcomes of the Peer Review on the French social economy which is an exemplary case for comparative purposes, since it is well established, with a well-developed policy context and institutional framework. The Peer Review was hosted by the French Directorate General for Social Cohesion (France, 10-11 December 2012). Representatives from ten Member States, the European Commission and stakeholder organisations took part in the event. This publication is available in electronic format in English, French and German.
This report reviews trends and developments in the relationship between workers, employers, their respective representatives and public authorities at national and EU level during 2010-12. It looks at how the continuing crisis and reforms implemented in response may be having a more fundamental impact on industrial relations, as conflict is increasing. In certain countries, fiscal consolidation has resulted in unfavourable settings for social dialogue, especially in the public sector, where reforms have been accelerated. Despite this the report concludes that structured social dialogue is still the right approach for building consensus and ensuring the sustainability of economic and social reforms.
This report is available in printed format in English.
All the graphs and tables included in this report can be downloaded both in gif and excel format by accessing the individual chapters here.