This factsheet provides an overview of the personal care basket, part of the European Reference Budgets Network project, which indicates the monthly budget required for three reference households to afford adequate personal hygiene in eight reference cities (Vienna, Brussels, Athens, Madrid, Helsinki, Budapest, Rome and Amsterdam). It also outlines the way the personal care basket was constructed.
This publication is available only in electronic format in English
This note presents indicators for the regular monitoring of skills mismatches across the EU. Skills mismatch is a situation where the skills sought by employers are different from the skills offered by workers or job-seekers. The note distinguishes three groups of skills mismatch indicators: macroeconomic skills mismatch, which relates to the gap between the skills that the working age population has and the skills needed in the economy; specific skills shortages experienced by employers that are recruiting workers for occupations requiring specific skills; and on-the-job skills mismatch which relates to differences between a worker's skills and the skills needed for his/her job.
Success in raising employment levels and living standards in Europe depends on effective support policies as well as positive macro-economic strategies. In this respect, this year’s Employment and Social Developments review addresses a range of issues.
It starts by looking at the contribution of entrepreneurship and self-employment to job creation and growth and the need to tackle the difficulties faced by the self-employed and notably micro and small companies. It then looks at the role of labour legislation in supporting more and better jobs and the need to strike the right balance between flexibility and protection. It then moves on to look at the best actions to avoid unemployment turning into long-term unemployment and inactivity. More broadly, given technology change, globalisation and population ageing, which translates into a reduction in the working-age population, the EU needs to increase employment and increase productivity. Mobility and migration can play an important role here. In relation to this, Europe needs to improve skills and better match skills with evolving demands. It also needs to promote labour market participation of older workers and women. Social policies, including pension policies and family policies (for example, child care and long-term care), can support longer working lives and increase employment of women. Promoting social dialogue and the involvement of social partners in the development of employment and social policies may help the implementation and effectiveness of such policies.
The review is available in printed and electronic format in English. All the graphs and tables can be downloaded both in gif and excel format by accessing the individual chapters.
This third monitoring report gathers good practices of projects across Europe dealing with working conditions, employment, social affairs and inclusion under the EU Programme for Employment and Social Innovation (EaSI). These good practice examples can form a basis for policy recommendations, which may be useful to the policy-maker designing or implementing policy interventions in this area.
The 2015 Report of the Social Protection Committee takes stock of recent social policy reforms in the EU. The report sheds light on the key challenges facing EU policymakers in the areas of social inclusion, poverty reduction, Roma inclusion, pensions, health care and long-term care needs, and analyses the reforms introduced to overcome them. It stresses the need for an integrated approach of social protection, covering a citizen’s entire life course, from childbirth and related care through to education, training and employment, family and social life and finally retirement.
This publication is available only in electronic version in English.
The European Reference Budgets Network is a project financed by the European Commission that aims to develop cross- national, comparable reference budgets in all EU Member States. Reference budgets are baskets of goods and services considered necessary for an individual household to reach an acceptable standard of living within a given country, region or city.
Preparing reference budgets with a common methodology can help EU Member States to design effective and adequate income support measures and to encourage mutual learning and the exchange of best practices. More information about the project as well as the full country reports can be found on the European Commission website: http://europa.eu/!CC79TD
This publication reflects the 2015 update of the portfolio of EU social indicators as developed by the Social Protection Committee and especially its Indicators Sub-Group. The indicators aim at monitoring progress towards the EU objectives for social protection and social inclusion. In addition to a list of overarching indicators, four sets of indicators focus on specific topics: social inclusion, pensions, healthcare and long-term care, and child poverty and wellbeing. The lists are continuously being improved as statistics, data collection and policy needs evolve. The indicators are an essential tool to assess the social challenges facing EU countries, identity social trends to watch and support Member States reporting on social policies.
This publications is available only in electronic version.
This working paper looks at poverty dynamics in Europe. Analysing poverty dynamics, i.e. incorporating time dimension to the analysis, helps to better understand the characteristics and various facets of poverty. In addition to looking at persistent poverty, it is important to look at the probability of exiting and entering poverty in different groups of the population and at poverty trajectories of the poor. This working paper presents empirical evidence on various issues related to poverty dynamics based on EU-SILC longitudinal data spanning from 2008 to 2012.