The Industrial Relations in Europe series provides an overview of trends and developments in the collective relationships between workers, employers and their respective representatives in the European Union. The 2014 edition examines the fallout of the economic and sovereign debt crisis in relation to industrial relations and social dialogue. It includes in-depth analyses of developments in wage bargaining systems; industrial relations in Member States receiving financial assistance, as well as industrial relations and youth employment. In addition, it presents an update of recent developments in European Social Dialogue and Labour Law.
This publication is available in printed format in English.
The Industrial Relations in Europe series provides an overview of trends and developments in the collective relationships between workers, employers and their respective representatives in the European Union, including the tripartite dimension where public authorities at different levels are involved.
The 2014 edition examines the fallout of the economic and sovereign debt crisis in relation to industrial relations and social dialogue. It includes in-depth analyses of developments in wage bargaining systems; industrial relations in Member States receiving financial assistance, as well as industrial relations and youth employment. In addition, it presents an update of recent developments in European social dialogue and labour law.
The Executive Summary is available online in 24 language versions.
Youth employment is a priority for the European Union. The situation varies a lot across Europe. While there is no single solution to address this challenge, there is an urgent need to act. This report is available in electronic format in English.
This report presents the annual review of the Social Protection Committee on the development of social protection policies, including social inclusion, pension, health and long-term care, in the European Union. Focusing on policy measures adopted in the period 2013-2014, the report aims at assessing the main directions of reform efforts in the field of social protection. It is based on social reporting done by the Member States in the context of the National Social Reports. A thematic section is dedicated to youth exclusion as one of the foremost challenges to a social Europe arising from the economic crisis.
This publication is available in electronic format in English.
This year’s Employment and Social Development Review provides a broad overview of the challenges facing the European Union over the coming years as it slowly emerges from the worst recession in its history. It highlights the scale of the challenges, but also the benefits of continuing to invest in education, training and wider labour market and social policies alongside the actions being taken to restore economic growth in the light of the Union’s 2020 employment and social goals.
The review will be available in printed and electronic format in English. All the graphs and tables can be downloaded both in gif and excel format by accessing the individual chapters.
Il denaro investito in un’impresa sociale deve essere utilizzato in modo efficiente per realizzare la sua missione sociale. Inoltre, dove viene utilizzato il finanziamento pubblico, deve essere dimostrata una risposta efficiente in termini di risultati o di risparmio della spesa pubblica. È quindi necessaria una misurazione coerente dell’impatto sociale. Nell’ottobre 2012 è stato istituito un sottogruppo di esperti in misurazione dell’impatto sociale da parte del GECES («Gruppo di esperti della Commissione sull’imprenditoria sociale»), al fine di consigliare un metodo da applicare a tutto il settore dell’imprenditoria sociale europea. Ciò aiuta i gestori di fondi sociali a decidere se investire in una determinata impresa e aiuterà gli investitori e i finanziatori a capire se le imprese che hanno sostenuto hanno raggiunto gli obiettivi sociali da loro dichiarati, ma ha anche una più ampia applicazione, sia a livello interno che a livello esterno. La presente pubblicazione illustra gli approcci proposti per la misurazione, utilizzati per la valutazione e il follow-up.
Questa pubblicazione è disponibile in versione elettronica in inglese, francese, italiano, tedesco, polacco
This publication examines how public policies at national, regional and local levels can support job creation by encouraging business start-ups and self-employment by people from disadvantaged or under-represented social groups in entrepreneurship. It shows that there is substantial potential to combat unemployment and stimulate social inclusion by promoting entrepreneurship in populations such as women, youth, seniors, the unemployed, and migrants, if the specific problems they face can be addressed and if entrepreneurship policies are opened up to all. Policy discussion in this report focusses on business creation from unemployment, entrepreneurship by ethnic minority groups, business development services for start-ups and the interaction between social security systems and inclusive entrepreneurship policies, and offers the inspiration of existing good practices from across the European Union.
To order this publication please contact the OECD.
This Review provides a snapshot of how the countries making up the EU-28, and Iceland, have been using start-up incentives to encourage unemployed people to set up their own businesses. It explores whether start-ups represent a long-term solution to keeping people employed and analyses the profiles of some participants to establish possible similarities between successful individuals. The Review also puts forward recommendations on how measures can be designed and areas which should be researched further, to support policy makers. This publication is available in electronic format in English.
Across the EU homelessness stands at an unprecedentedly high level, particularly among young people. On 22 November 2013, Peer Review participants met in Copenhagen to learn how Denmark has tackled homelessness using an integrated housing-first strategy. This publication is available in electronic format in English, French, German and Danish.