Simplified Cost Options (SCOs) change how we reimburse expenditure under ESF projects. Rather than paying on the basis of real costs backed up with invoices and receipts, we pay on the basis of pre-defined standard scales of unit costs, flat rate or lump sum payments. SCOs are proven to reduce the error rate for the programme and also to reduce the administrative burden for Member States and beneficiaries. They can also help put a greater focus on the outputs and results achieved.
This report reviews the current and planned take-up of SCOs. It summarises outcomes for the 2007-2013 period and the regulatory improvements on SCOs for the 2014-2020 period. It presents an overview of the planned implementation of SCOs during the current programming period, and the benefits that national authorities derive from them. Finally, it looks at what else needs to be done to increase the use of SCOs. The results represent the most comprehensive estimate available of the use of the SCOs in the ESF.
Coverage, or the capacity to reach persons in need, is an important element of the effectiveness of social protection schemes. This paper deals with the measurement of coverage rates for income support schemes aimed at replacing the lack of primary income for the working age population, focusing on unemployment benefits and minimum income support.
This brochure describes how the Youth Employment Initiative (YEI) supports measures aiming to reduce youth unemployment in the worst affected areas of the EU. It explains the relationship between the YEI and Youth Guarantee schemes, shows how the YEI complements other EU funding instruments such as the European Social Fund (ESF) and highlights the YEI’s achievements so far. The brochure also showcases a selection of the varied projects that are benefiting from YEI funding. Including personal experiences from both project organisers and the young people that took part, these stories demonstrate how YEI support is having a direct and positive impact on the lives of young Europeans across the EU.
This report presents the results of a study analysing whether Directive 91/533/EC on an employer's obligation to inform employees of the conditions applicable to the contract or employment relationship, is still fit for purpose and whether associated costs and burdens are minimised. This exercise was carried out in the context of the European Commission's Regulatory Fitness and Performance programme (REFIT) which aims to make EU law lighter, simpler and less costly.
This study has reviewed a wide range of evidence from across the EU in order to clarify the practical obstacles to the recognition of skills and qualifications and their underlying causes, and explore existing and potential solutions at both EU and national level to ensure a fair, efficient and effective recognition of skills and qualifications.
The full study is available online only and in English. An executive summary is available in English, French and German.
This study reflects on the potential role of the European Qualifications Framework (EQF) in supporting recognition of International Sectoral Qualifications and related initiatives. The EQF is a common European reference framework. It acts as a translation device to make qualifications acquired within the different education and training systems in Europe more readable and understandable.
This report delivers on the core task of the Social Protection Committee to monitor the social situation in the EU and the developments in social protection policies in the Member States. Based on a set of key indicators and Member States’ reporting, the report analyses the progress towards the Europe 2020 target on reducing poverty and social exclusion together with the latest social trends to watch. The most recent social policy developments in Europe are also reported on as well as the key structural social challenges currently faced by each Member State.
The Labour Market and Wage Developments in Europe report analyses the labour market from a macroeconomic perspective. It provides an analysis of recent employment and wage developments, looking at the euro area and the EU as a whole in comparison with its global trading partners. The 2016 edition shows that job creation continued to progress in 2015 and 2016 and analyses the reasons behind this improvement. The report also focuses on the macroeconomic implications of statutory minimum wages in the EU and surveys the institutional minimum wage setting mechanisms in place in EU Member States.
This report illustrates the state and development of social enterprise in Europe. The research was conducted by independent academics supported by the EMES network and the EURICSE research centre. In each country the researchers engaged in an interactive process with a wide range of stakeholders to ensure the accuracy of the picture.
Seven country reports also provides a comprehensive picture of social enterprises and their eco-systems in France, Italy, Spain, Belgium, Ireland, Slovakia and Poland.
The reports are available online only and in English.
The aim of this study is to allow the Commission to update the calibration and further operationalize the existing Labour Market Model. This model has been set up by external experts in order to improve the European Commission’s understanding of transmission mechanisms of labour market policies in the context of the European Employment Strategy. The Labour Market Model is used to provide a theoretical and empirical basis for identifying the possible direction and intensity of the effects of labour market policies. It uses actual economic data to estimate how an economy might react to changes in labour market policies or other policy reforms or external factor.