This report reviews trends and developments in the relationship between workers, employers, their respective representatives and public authorities at national and EU level during 2010-12. It looks at how the continuing crisis and reforms implemented in response may be having a more fundamental impact on industrial relations, as conflict is increasing. In certain countries, fiscal consolidation has resulted in unfavourable settings for social dialogue, especially in the public sector, where reforms have been accelerated. Despite this the report concludes that structured social dialogue is still the right approach for building consensus and ensuring the sustainability of economic and social reforms.
This report is available in printed format in English.
All the graphs and tables included in this report can be downloaded both in gif and excel format by accessing the individual chapters here.
Combatting poor standards of living amongst children and youth, and promoting social mobility in urban areas with poor living conditions is crucial for breaking the transmission of disadvantage across generations. This report summarises the main outcomes of the Peer Review which addressed the topic of area-based policies to promote good living conditions for children and youth in deprived areas (Oslo, 13-14 November 2012). The Peer Review was hosted by the Norwegian Directorate of Integration and Diversity. Representatives from six Member States, the European Commission and stakeholder organisations took part in the event. This publication is available in electronic format in English, French, German and Norwegian.
According to the EU Employment and Social Situation Quarterly Review, divergence continues to increase across Member States, translating into persistently growing labour market and social challenges, marked by ever higher unemployment at EU level and a deterioration of the situation of many households, and of young people in particular. Employment has been trending down again since mid-2011, with positive developments only noticeable in part-time work. Unemployment rose further in January 2013, to 26.2 million in the EU, accounting for 10.8 % of the active population, and concerns nearly one in four economically active young people.
This edition highlights the effects recent government spending cuts have had on the employment and social situation in a number of Member States, the diversity in terms of labour market matching and recent trends in posting of workers across the EU. This edition also analyses the specific situation in Bulgaria and in the sectors of manufacture of basic metals and motor vehicles. It finally dedicates a Special Supplement to the analysis of recent demographic trends in the European Union.
This publication is available in electronic format in English.
This Synthesis Report has been produced on the basis of the experts’ reports covering the 27 EU Member States. It starts with an analysis of the extent to which Member States have developed integrated comprehensive strategies. Then, it assesses how effective Member States have been in developing measures under each of the three strands. Next, it looks at the resourcing of active inclusion measures both by Member States and by EU Structural Funds and examines the arrangements in place to monitor their implementation. Finally, it synthesises the suggestions made by the experts to strengthen the implementation of the Active Inclusion Recommendation at both national and EU levels. This publication is available in electronic format in English, French and German.
The present report has been prepared as part of the mandate given to the Social Protection Committee (SPC) by the Treaty on the Functioning of the European Union to monitor the social situation in the European Union and the development of social protection policies (art. 160 of TFEU). The Directorate-General for Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion provided the necessary analysis and calculations used in the report with the extensive assistance and data provision of Eurostat. This publication will be available in printed format in English.
The efforts aimed at combating child poverty and social exclusion are crucial investments in future and contribute directly to the Europe 2020 Strategy. This report summarises the main outcomes of the Peer Review on socio-cultural participation as part of a strategy to address child poverty (Brussels, 20-21 September 2012). The Peer Review was hosted by the Belgian federal authorities who presented a series of measures to enable those on low income to participate in socio-cultural activities. Representatives from ten European countries, the European Commission and stakeholder organisations took part in the event. This publication is available in electronic format in English, French, German and Dutch.
According this edition of the EU Employment and Social Situation Quarterly Review difficulties on the labour markets remain persistent in a context of economic stagnation. They are marked by ever higher unemployment at EU level (10.7% in November 2012) and rising divergence across Member States, while the number of people at risk of poverty or social exclusion in the EU now accounts for nearly one-fourth of the EU population.
The share of the EU population reporting their households are experiencing financial distress has risen sharply in recent months, while living standards and the perceived quality of life have declined with the crisis. On the positive side, the unadjusted gender pay gap in the EU declined between 2008 and 2010.
DG Employment builds on the first Employment and Social Developments in Europe (ESDE) Review in this second edition, by conducting an analysis of the economic and social situation in the EU. Following a year which has seen several Member States witnessing escalating debt crises, public spending is decreasing. With different parts of the EU seeing different social and employment trends, finding the right policy responses in certain key areas is crucial. Long-term employment exclusion, its impact on the labour market and the broader social dimension, is considered in this context. The functioning and efficiency of various social protection systems is also examined, with a particular focus on the effect of distributional and design aspects. Finally, the Review looks at the impact of wage developments and the problem of skill mismatches as well, concluding a fair and equitable structural adjustment agenda is needed. This publication will be available in printed format in English. All the graphs and tables included in this report can be downloaded both in gif and excel format by accessing the individual chapters.
As the population in the EU continues to age, counteracting the resulting demographic forces is becoming increasingly important. Helping these people remain economically active has the potential to have important economic and social benefits, not only for the target group, but for society on the whole. The European Commission and OECD have joined forces to produce a brochure, which emphasises the importance of a shift in entrepreneurship policy within this demographic, to encourage it to become more active. In this context, it examines a range of different initiatives and schemes that could be implemented to promote business start-ups by older people.This brochure will be available online in English, German and French.