This report presents the results of a study analysing whether Directive 91/533/EC on an employer's obligation to inform employees of the conditions applicable to the contract or employment relationship, is still fit for purpose and whether associated costs and burdens are minimised. This exercise was carried out in the context of the European Commission's Regulatory Fitness and Performance programme (REFIT) which aims to make EU law lighter, simpler and less costly.
This study has reviewed a wide range of evidence from across the EU in order to clarify the practical obstacles to the recognition of skills and qualifications and their underlying causes, and explore existing and potential solutions at both EU and national level to ensure a fair, efficient and effective recognition of skills and qualifications.
The full study is available online only and in English. An executive summary is available in English, French and German.
This study reflects on the potential role of the European Qualifications Framework (EQF) in supporting recognition of International Sectoral Qualifications and related initiatives. The EQF is a common European reference framework. It acts as a translation device to make qualifications acquired within the different education and training systems in Europe more readable and understandable.
This report delivers on the core task of the Social Protection Committee to monitor the social situation in the EU and the developments in social protection policies in the Member States. Based on a set of key indicators and Member States’ reporting, the report analyses the progress towards the Europe 2020 target on reducing poverty and social exclusion together with the latest social trends to watch. The most recent social policy developments in Europe are also reported on as well as the key structural social challenges currently faced by each Member State.
The Labour Market and Wage Developments in Europe report analyses the labour market from a macroeconomic perspective. It provides an analysis of recent employment and wage developments, looking at the euro area and the EU as a whole in comparison with its global trading partners. The 2016 edition shows that job creation continued to progress in 2015 and 2016 and analyses the reasons behind this improvement. The report also focuses on the macroeconomic implications of statutory minimum wages in the EU and surveys the institutional minimum wage setting mechanisms in place in EU Member States.
This report illustrates the state and development of social enterprise in Europe. The research was conducted by independent academics supported by the EMES network and the EURICSE research centre. In each country the researchers engaged in an interactive process with a wide range of stakeholders to ensure the accuracy of the picture.
Seven country reports also provides a comprehensive picture of social enterprises and their eco-systems in France, Italy, Spain, Belgium, Ireland, Slovakia and Poland.
The reports are available online only and in English.
The aim of this study is to allow the Commission to update the calibration and further operationalize the existing Labour Market Model. This model has been set up by external experts in order to improve the European Commission’s understanding of transmission mechanisms of labour market policies in the context of the European Employment Strategy. The Labour Market Model is used to provide a theoretical and empirical basis for identifying the possible direction and intensity of the effects of labour market policies. It uses actual economic data to estimate how an economy might react to changes in labour market policies or other policy reforms or external factor.
The Youth Employment Initiative (YEI) launched in 2013 provides funding of €6.4 billion to support youth employment by targeting young people aged below 25 years (or below 29 in some Member States) who are not in employment, education or training and who reside in the regions of the European Union particularly affected by unemployment. This study provides an overview of the implementation progress of the YEI from September 2013 to the end of November 2015 across the 20 eligible Member States. It also includes an in-depth analysis for a sample of countries and key points from the national evaluations.
This paper summarises 29 operational programmes financed by the European Social Fund and/or the European Regional Development Fund under the objective “enhancing institutional capacity of public authorities and stakeholders and efficient public administration” (thematic objective 11). It was prepared with the view of informing the evolution of the ‘Quality of Public Administration Toolbox for Practitioners’, a practical guide for civil and judicial administrations to the challenges of good governance.
This report focuses on retirement regimes for workers in arduous and hazardous jobs in 35 European countries. It is based on the country reports prepared by the national independent experts of the European Social Policy Network. The report provides an overview of the end-of-career policy measures and assesses the retirement pathways and income adequacy of workers in arduous and hazardous jobs. It also discusses recent and ongoing reforms, identifies best practices and policy challenges and provides recommendations for EU countries and the EU alike.