'Bottleneck vacancies’ refers to vacancies for occupations which are considered to be in short supply. They are found not only in high-skilled occupations, such as IT, scientific, engineering or medical professionals, but also in skilled and low-skilled manual occupations. The first mainly arise from skills deficits, but the latter are more due to recruitment and retention problems related to working conditions and pay. The study compares shortage and surplus occupations, based on data from the Public Employment Services of the EU, Norway and Iceland, and the Labour Force Survey.
This guide is designed to prevent risk for small fishing vessels and those working on them, so that both the vessels and their crews return safe and sound after a trip. Given that these vessels account for about 80% of the EU’s entire fishing fleet and that fatalities, injuries and lost vessels are at unacceptable levels, this guide is critical in preventing risks and protecting the wider fishing communities. The different modules in the guide focus on key areas, notably the vessel, the crew, fishing operations, real case events, risk assessment and additional information such as flotation devices, stability, first aid, work equipment and emergency drills. A glossary along with illustrations, photos and charts serve to highlight the important points in the guide, making it an extremely user-friendly reference.
EU action in employment, social affairs and inclusion touches all citizens in their everyday lives: helping new entrepreneurs, supporting young people to find a job, making sure you enjoy free emergency healthcare while abroad, and much more. Read how Nina, Tomasz, Jeanne and Daniel benefited from EU support and see which opportunities are open to you.
This publication is available in all EU languages in print and online.
Social enterprises are long-standing agents of inclusive growth and democratisation of the economic and social spheres, and they have proved resilient to economic adversity all the while addressing socio-economic challenges in innovative ways, re-integrating people back to the labour market, and contributing to overall social cohesion. This compendium derives policy lessons for boosting social enterprises from the analysis of 20 initiatives in several EU member-countries, covering a range of policy areas from legal frameworks, finance, market access, and support structures, to education and skills.
This publication is only available in electronic format in English. German and French versions will follow.
This paper analyses the individual and socio-demographic factors behind the low employment rate of refugees compared to individuals born in the EU but also compared to other migrants. It complements the 2016 Employment and Social Developments Review where a chapter was dedicated to the labour market and social integration of refugees in the EU.