Entrepreneurship development is an important requirement for achieving of smart, sustainable and inclusive growth. It is also a means to respond to new economic challenges, to create jobs and to fight social and financial exclusion. The impact of the global financial and economic crisis calls for giving entrepreneurship and self-employment a stronger role in economic and social development policies. This book collects and synthesizes information and data on entrepreneurship activities in Europe, focusing on people that are at the greatest risk of social exclusion. These groups include young people, older people, women, ethnic minorities and migrants, people with disabilities and the unemployed.
To order this publication please contact OECD.
EaSI, det nye paneuropæiske program for beskæftigelse og socialpolitik, vil hjælpe EU med at levere en mere sammenhængende politik, fremme jobmobilitet og give målrettet mikrofinansiering til udsatte grupper. Med sammenlægningen af Progress, Eures og Progress Mikrofinansiering til et paraplyprogram vil EaSI hjælpe med at skabe nye jobs og bæredygtig vækst på mere effektiv vis ved at sætte fokus på social innovation. Her kan De læse mere om hvordan.
Den trykte udgave af denne publikation findes på alle EU’s officielle sprog.
The Social Europe guide is a bi-annual publication aimed at providing an interested but not necessarily specialised audience with a concise overview of specific areas of EU policy in the field of employment, social affairs and inclusion. It illustrates the key issues and challenges, explains policy actions and instruments at EU level and provides examples of best practices from EU Member States. It also presents views on the subject from the Council Presidency and the European Parliament. This fifth volume in the series of Social Guides sets out how the new challenges facing EU countries call for a rethink of our approach to social policies. It outlines the functions of social policies and recent initiatives by the European Commission to support increased ‘social investment’ – benefits and services that improve people’s skills and capabilities and support people’s inclusion in society. This guide also sets out how the European Union’s social policy guidance is designed and delivered, and how the Commission is supporting Member States in making reforms to improve the adequacy and sustainability of their social policies. The guide will be available as an e-book and in printed format in English, French and German.
Information on pension provision remains inaccessible to many, despite their crucial role in providing a social safety net to people in old age. This Peer Review held in Madrid in July 2013 focused on good practices in Member States and supported the coordination of policies in this area. Representatives of the host country (Spain), six other Member States, the European Commission and stakeholder organisations attended the event. This report summarises the key issues discussed and the lessons learned. It is available in electronic format in English, French, German and Spanish.
The OECD and the European Commission have produced a new brief on evaluating policy actions for inclusive entrepreneurship. The brief covers the reasons for evaluating inclusive entrepreneurship policy, how evaluation fits into the policy cycle, and relevant tools to use in evaluation. The brief gives examples of real evaluations, showing how information was obtained and what conclusions could be drawn.
This brochure is available online in English, German and French.
ESCO – boosting job matching throughout Europe
European prosperity depends on a flourishing labour market which helps both working people and
employers make the most of training and skills. EU citizens have an EU-wide labour market open to them
and employers have a pool of people in 28 countries to choose from. However, matching the right worker
to the right job remains a challenge.
ESCO is a multilingual classification of occupations, skills, competences and qualifications, designed to
help jobseekers and employers to match skills to jobs. Learners, workers and businesses will all benefit.
ESCO will help everyone get more out of Europe’s labour market. This publication will be available in printed format in English, French and German.
This report provides an overview of the development of social protection policies in the EU between January 2012 and June 2013. Prepared by the Social Protection Committee (SPC) as part of its mandate to monitor the social situation in the EU, it reviews the intensity of Member States' efforts and maps out structural reforms. The main message of the report is that while the economic crisis continues to put pressure on social protection systems, EU priorities in this field must shift from tackling its consequences towards building resilient and effective social protection systems relying on solid structures, adequate benefits and sustainable financing. The report is available online in English only.
There are signs of fragile economic recovery, but economic growth is unlikely to be sustained unless it is inclusive and job rich, especially while labour market and social conditions remain extremely challenging and divergence between countries is growing, according to the September special edition of the EU Employment and Social Situation Review. This publication is available online in English only.
This report looks at the impact that public policy has had on personal and household services (PHS) around the EU. Specifically, it considers those tools that aim at encouraging formal employment and discourage undeclared work. For this analysis care services are excluded, whilst the public policy tools analysed can be grouped in four categories: reducing the price, simplification of procedures through vouchers, new regulation on employment and fostering the emergence of a supply side. By analysing national data, the impact in terms of job creation, the black market share and the cost efficiency and redistributive impact of policies is considered.
This publication is available in electronic format in English.
This working paper analyses the impact of demographic ageing on future employment growth. The analysis shows that some of the economically strongest EU Member States will find themselves confronted with serious employment growth constraints due to labour supply bottlenecks already within the next 5 years, even under extremely optimistic activity assumptions. This paper is available online in English only.