The Industrial Relations in Europe series provides an overview of trends and developments in the collective relationships between workers, employers and their respective representatives in the European Union, including the tripartite dimension where public authorities at different levels are involved.
The 2014 edition examines the fallout of the economic and sovereign debt crisis in relation to industrial relations and social dialogue. It includes in-depth analyses of developments in wage bargaining systems; industrial relations in Member States receiving financial assistance, as well as industrial relations and youth employment. In addition, it presents an update of recent developments in European social dialogue and labour law.
The Executive Summary is available online in 24 language versions.
Youth employment is a priority for the European Union. The situation varies a lot across Europe. While there is no single solution to address this challenge, there is an urgent need to act. This report is available in electronic format in English.
This report presents the annual review of the Social Protection Committee on the development of social protection policies, including social inclusion, pension, health and long-term care, in the European Union. Focusing on policy measures adopted in the period 2013-2014, the report aims at assessing the main directions of reform efforts in the field of social protection. It is based on social reporting done by the Member States in the context of the National Social Reports. A thematic section is dedicated to youth exclusion as one of the foremost challenges to a social Europe arising from the economic crisis.
This publication is available in electronic format in English.
This year’s Employment and Social Development Review provides a broad overview of the challenges facing the European Union over the coming years as it slowly emerges from the worst recession in its history. It highlights the scale of the challenges, but also the benefits of continuing to invest in education, training and wider labour market and social policies alongside the actions being taken to restore economic growth in the light of the Union’s 2020 employment and social goals.
The review will be available in printed and electronic format in English. All the graphs and tables can be downloaded both in gif and excel format by accessing the individual chapters.
Money invested in a social enterprise should be used efficiently in delivering its social mission. Also, where public funding is used, efficient delivery of outcomes or savings in public spending must be demonstrated. A consistent way of measuring social impact is therefore needed. In October 2012, a Social Impact Measurement expert sub-group was set up by the GECES (“Groupe d’Experts de la Commission sur l’Entrepreneuriat Social”) in order to advise on a methodology which could be applied across the European social entrepreneurship sector. This helps social fund managers decide whether they will invest in a particular enterprise and will help investors and grant givers see if the enterprises they have backed have achieved their stated social objectives, but is also of wider application, both internally and externally. This publication sets out the proposed approaches to measurement used for assessment and follow-up.
This publication examines how public policies at national, regional and local levels can support job creation by encouraging business start-ups and self-employment by people from disadvantaged or under-represented social groups in entrepreneurship. It shows that there is substantial potential to combat unemployment and stimulate social inclusion by promoting entrepreneurship in populations such as women, youth, seniors, the unemployed, and migrants, if the specific problems they face can be addressed and if entrepreneurship policies are opened up to all. Policy discussion in this report focusses on business creation from unemployment, entrepreneurship by ethnic minority groups, business development services for start-ups and the interaction between social security systems and inclusive entrepreneurship policies, and offers the inspiration of existing good practices from across the European Union.
To order this publication please contact the OECD.
This Review provides a snapshot of how the countries making up the EU-28, and Iceland, have been using start-up incentives to encourage unemployed people to set up their own businesses. It explores whether start-ups represent a long-term solution to keeping people employed and analyses the profiles of some participants to establish possible similarities between successful individuals. The Review also puts forward recommendations on how measures can be designed and areas which should be researched further, to support policy makers. This publication is available in electronic format in English.
Across the EU homelessness stands at an unprecedentedly high level, particularly among young people. On 22 November 2013, Peer Review participants met in Copenhagen to learn how Denmark has tackled homelessness using an integrated housing-first strategy. This publication is available in electronic format in English, French, German and Danish.
This report explores how those households that are particularly exposed to poverty and long-term unemployment manage to deal with the blows dealt by the economic crisis. It asks the key questions: is unemployment in a period of crisis really the cause of spiralling breaks in social links, or can it also be the start of a process of coping, based on strengthening those links? If so, to what extent? It draws on the findings of three studies, both qualitatively and quantitatively. This publication is available in printed and electronic format in English.