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Publications catalogue


Analytical Web Note 2/2015 - Benchmarks for the assessment of wage developments: Spring 2015  (08/06/2015)

Catalog N. : KE-BM-15-006-EN-N

The analysis of wage benchmarks serves as an input for the assessment of wage developments from a cost competitiveness perspective. The analysis shows a significant wage restraint after the crisis, in particular in countries where unemployment is high. These developments have been supportive of both internal and external adjustment needs, in particular over the period 2012-2014.

This publication is only available in electronic format in English.


Analytical Web Note 1/2015 - A descriptive analysis of the EU Labour Market Policy (LMP) Statistics  (08/06/2015)

Catalog N. : KE-BM-15-001-EN-N

This note provides a descriptive overview of the data collected under the EU Labour Market Policy Statistics (LMP) database managed by the European Commission. The analysis in the note covers a number of indicators on expenditure and beneficiaries as contained in the LMP database.1 On the basis of these statistics/ indicators one can analyse for example the structural features between countries: which countries focus more strongly on the so-called active labour market policies and which seem to do focus on support policies / benefits.

This publication is only available in electronic format in English.


The Youth Guarantee - First Successes - The Youth Guarantee on the Ground  (20/05/2015)

Catalog N. : KE-04-15-325-EN-N

In response to the growing number of unemployed youth and those not in employment, education or training (NEETs), the Council adopted the Recommendation on the establishment of a Youth Guarantee (YG) on the 22nd April 2013. With this Recommendation, all Member States committed to ensure all those up to 25 years old would receive a quality offer of employment, education, training or apprenticeship within 4 months of becoming unemployed or leaving school. This publication summarizes developments of the Youth Guarantee across the EU.

This publication is available only in electronic format in English, French and German. (French and German coming soon)


Policy Brief on Sustaining Self-employment - Entrepreneurial Activities in Europe  (08/05/2015)

This policy brief was produced by the OECD and the European Commission on sustaining entrepreneurship activities by entrepreneurs in under-represented and disadvantaged groups. It provides evidence on business survival for entrepreneurs from groups that are under-represented or disadvantaged in the labour market and discusses the obstacles that reduce the chances of survival for these businesses. Policy makers can take action to increase the chances of survival for these businesses, including providing training to boost business management skills, providing coaching and mentoring, facilitating access to finance and provide business development services.
This policy brief is part of a series of documents produced by the OECD and the European Commission on inclusive entrepreneurship. The series includes policy briefs on youth entrepreneurship, senior entrepreneurship, social entrepreneurship, evaluation of inclusive entrepreneurship programmes, access to business start-up finance for inclusive entrepreneurship and entrepreneurship by the disabled as a well as a report on ‘The Missing Entrepreneurs’. All these documents are available in English, French and German. They are available at


Pre-retirement saving and the extension of working life - A model based assessment of the impact of low interest rates - Working paper 02/2015  (30/04/2015)

Catalog N. : KE-EW-15-002-EN-N

During the aftermath of the financial crisis, certain paradoxical trends have emerged in Europe. Firstly, despite the context of economic adjustment and restructuring, the employment rate of older workers has increased in most countries, and secondly, saving rates have remained remarkably resilient to the interest rate squeeze pursued by central banks as an economic stimulus. The question arises, whether lower interest rates effectively discourage or rather encourage saving among older workers, or even constitute an incentive to work longer, in case their saving strategy aims at maintaining a standard of living after retirement. The working paper adresses this issue through a model based approach.


Demographic change, human resources constraints and economic growth - The EU challenge compared to other global players - Working paper 01/2015  (01/04/2015)

Catalog N. : KE-EW-15-001-EN-N

The paper provides a comparative analysis on human resources trends and their implications for employment and economic growth at global scale. Taking stock of specific population characteristics, it focuses on the inescapable challenge of workforce shrinking and its policy implications. The analysis concludes that productivity growth will progressively become the only way to sustain economic growth not only in the EU and several other industrialised regions but also in some of the emerging economies. It also reveals a growing north-south imbalance in terms of labour reserves. While the 2013 publication looked at human resources constrains within the EU, this paper extends to the global context, comparing the EU to other global players.


Addressing youth unemployment in the EU  (26/02/2015)

Catalog N. : KE-02-15-145-EN-N

Youth employment is a priority for the European Union. The situation varies a lot across Europe. While there is no single solution to address this challenge, there is an urgent need to act. This report is available in electronic format in English.


Employment and Social Developments in Europe 2014  (15/01/2015)

Catalog N. : KE-BD-14-001-EN-N

This year’s Employment and Social Development Review provides a broad overview of the challenges facing the European Union over the coming years as it slowly emerges from the worst recession in its history. It highlights the scale of the challenges, but also the benefits of continuing to invest in education, training and wider labour market and social policies alongside the actions being taken to restore economic growth in the light of the Union’s 2020 employment and social goals.
The review will be available in printed and electronic format in English. All the graphs and tables can be downloaded both in gif and excel format by accessing the individual chapters.

Table of contents

Activating jobseekers through entrepreneurship: Start-up incentives in Europe - EEPO Review  (08/12/2014)

Catalog N. : KE-AZ-14-002-EN-N

This Review provides a snapshot of how the countries making up the EU-28, and Iceland, have been using start-up incentives to encourage unemployed people to set up their own businesses. It explores whether start-ups represent a long-term solution to keeping people employed and analyses the profiles of some participants to establish possible similarities between successful individuals. The Review also puts forward recommendations on how measures can be designed and areas which should be researched further, to support policy makers. This publication is available in electronic format in English.