The Employment and Social Development in Europe (ESDE) Quarterly Review highlights continuing economic growth in the EU together with a steady decrease in unemployment.
The number of employed in the EU has reached above 235 million in the second quarter of 2017. This is the highest level ever recorded and represents almost 4 million more people in employment than in 2008. Economic growth has been the main driver behind the recovery in employment. From the second quarter of 2016 to the second quarter of 2017, GDP grew by 2.4%.
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PES support for start-ups – what is effective?
A September 2017 study presents the lessons learnt from the vast PES experience in offering start-up support to jobseekers who want to become self-employed or start their own business. It provides a basis for PES needing to navigate the increasingly globalised and digitalised world of self-employment, and effectively guide jobseekers wishing to embark on such an experience.
If well-designed and targeted, start-up incentives and support have proven effective in bringing unemployed back to the labour market. In the longer term, there is even a job-creation effect.
Well-designed start-up support requires specialist trainers and advisers. It is also recommended to offer a mix of support measures, including appropriate benefits, access to capital, training, counselling and guidance.
This seventh edition of the annual Employment and Social Developments in Europe (ESDE) Review presents a detailed analysis of key employment and social issues and concerns for the European Union and its Member States as they pursue the EU 2020 employment and social goals.
It feeds into the European Semester and the 2017 flagship initiative of the European Pillar of Social Rights. The main findings of ESDE 2017 corroborate the rationale and the objectives of follow-up initiatives of the Pillar, such as the proposal for a ‘New Start Initiative to support work-life balance for parents and carers’ and the social partner consultations on Access to Social Protection and the revision of the ‘Written Statement Directive’.
As in previous years, the opening section of the ESDE review provides an overview of the most recent developments, trends and challenges in the employment and social fields. This year's edition focuses on the topic of "intergenerational fairness and solidarity in Europe".
This thematic review performs an analysis of the impact of recent reforms on inequality in Europe and was prepared by a network of external experts - the European Centre of Expertise (ECE) in the field of labour law, employment and labour market policy.
The review consists of 27 country-specific articles dedicated all EU countries covered by the European Semester process (all EU Member States except from Greece) and a synthesis report.
The experts were asked to select a limited number of reforms to report on, prioritising them in terms of their impact on inequalities and not to present an exhaustive discussion of reforms in 2015 and 2016. This review and the country reports therefore do not seek to provide a comprehensive picture of all relevant reforms implemented in recent years. A particular attention is given to reforms triggered by country-specific recommendations. If certain systems/policies had already been reformed prior to 2015, such reforms are not included in the scope of this review.
This publication is only available in electronic format in English.
This note analyses the impact of an increase in the minimum wage in France on the overall wage distribution for the period 2007 to 2012. It is based on EU Statistics on Income and Living Conditions, a unique source that contains detailed information on income, poverty, social exclusion and living conditions.