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The European Commission has published today a study on bottleneck occupations, i.e. jobs where employers have had problems in the past to find and hire staff to fill vacancies, and expect the same in the future.
Low-skilled workers encounter increasing difficulties to find a job, face lower job stability and are out-competed by medium-skilled workers even in elementary occupations. In contrast, job opportunities are growing in some high-skilled professions. These are the main findings of the European Vacancy and Recruitment Report 2014 published today.
Vacancy trends in the European labour market indicate a widening gap in job opportunities between Northern and Southern countries.
Hirings remained down for most occupational groups and fell for the second time since the second quarter of 2010 for expert / specialised workers (professionals). At the same time, ICT occupations showed growing employment opportunities, according to the November 2013 edition of the European Vacancy Monitor.
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Hirings were down for most occupational groups and fell for the first time since the second quarter of 2010 for expert / specialised workers (professionals). At the same time, the healthcare sector showed growing demand, according to the September 2013 edition of the European Vacancy Monitor.
Decline in recruitment demand was particularly pronounced for craft and related trade workers as well as for plant and machine operators (-9% and -7%) in the third quarter of 2012, according to the May 2013 edition of the European Vacancy Monitor.
Despite a modest growth in job vacancies, especially in the education, health care, business and administration sectors, recruitment demand stagnated in the second quarter of 2012, says the February edition of the European Vacancy Monitor.
According to the December edition of the European Vacancy Monitor, the decline in labour demand had severe implications for craftsmen, operators and elementary occupations, while the demand for more skilled professionals continued to grow.
The European Commission today officially launched the EU Skills Panorama, a website presenting quantitative and qualitative information on short- and medium-term skills needs, skills supply and skills mismatches.