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The study “Social Impact of Emigration and Rural-Urban Migration in Central and Eastern Europe” is now online.
This GVG (Gesellschaft für Versicherungswissenschaft und –gestaltung e.V.) study analyses of the social impact of international and internal migration in Central and Eastern Europe in the past two decades, offering a knowledge base on effects on labour markets, human resource development, poverty and social exclusion and social cohesion.
On the basis of an analysis of the recent trends and patterns of migration, it looks at linkages to the labour market and education structure in the sending countries focussing on specific challenges like health care mobility, brain drain, skill matching, and labour market reintegration of returnees. The situation of those regions which are above average affected by migration is assessed separately.
The reports further identify the scope and use of remittances and analyses their impact on labour market participation of the family members left behind, and on poverty and inequality.
A separate chapter is dedicated to the social security of migrants and their family members left behind.
Last but not least the reports discuss the impact of migration on different vulnerable groups such as children, elderly, Roma and post-conflict IDPs and returning refugees.
The results of the research are compiled into a Synthesis Report, which is based on 25 Country Reports elaborated by expert teams of the respective countries in the period from November 2010 until April 2012. It encompasses the 10 countries of Central and Eastern Europe which joined the EU in 2004 and 2007, the Enlargement Countries and the Countries of the Eastern Partnership region. Greece and Turkey have been included into the study as reference countries which have been confronted with high levels of emigration as well as internal movements in the 60s and 70s.
The synthesis report draws special attention to existing policy measures responding to the challenges of migration and provides policy recommendations to political key actors summarised in a Policy Brief.
In order to allow for better comparability and taking into account the geo-political location and the different legal frameworks, policy orientations and financial instruments available to the EU, the 25 countries have been grouped into three different country clusters, namely the EU Member States, the Enlargement Countries and the Eastern Partnership region.