Improving links between migration policy and labour market needs: two new studies published by the LINET network on Recognition of Qualifications and on Improving Access to Labour Market Information
Labour markets across the European Union are characterised by varied regulatory frameworks, but most Member States face the challenges of shortages of workers with relevant qualifications or interested to take up certain occupations. In promoting the region’s global competitiveness and fostering economic recovery in the long term, linking migration policy to labour market needs is crucial.
The Independent Network of Labour Migration and Integration Experts (LINET) based at the International Organization for Migration Brussels has been supporting the work agenda of DG Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion on migration and employment issues since 2009. Its latest research, which is based on detailed evidence from EU Member States, Canada, Australia and the United States, concerns two key areas where better policy linkages can be achieved:
- The study Recognition of Qualifications and Competences of Migrants investigates the existing national practices for assessing, validating and recognizing formal, non-formal and informal learning of migrants based on selected experiences within and outside the European Union (EU). The study reviews national practices against the complex requirements of modern labour markets and differing needs of various skill groups of migrants. While taking into account latest developments in skills assessment procedures, set-up of bilateral or multilateral recognition frameworks and introduction of pre-migration measures, it explores policy approaches to counteract brain waste of different groups of migrants resident in the EU Member States.
- The publication Improving Access to Labour Market Information for Migrants and Employers investigates information strategies and channels most commonly used for employment matching through migration. It identifies the main information-related obstacles facing respectively, employers willing to hire migrant workers – both from abroad and inside the country – and prospective and resident migrants looking for available job opportunities. It proposes appropriate policy responses, including at the pre-departure stage, to overcome those obstacles and enhance the potential of international migration to address labour and skill shortages.
Both studies are now available in our document database and at www.labourmigration.eu. Forthcoming volumes in April 2013 include an overview of migration, employment and labour market integration policies in the EU Member States, Norway and Turkey, as well as a summary of the LINET findings since 2009.