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Seven years after the 2004 enlargement of the EU, this study looks at the economic and labour market impact of east-west labour mobility flows in recent years, with a particular focus on mobility from Bulgaria and Romania.
The study examines in detail the scale and structure of east-west labour mobility after the 2004/7 EU enlargements, its impact on labour markets, the macro-economy and human capital issues such as brain drain and down-skilling of mobile workers. The impact of the transitional arrangements on free movement of workers is analyzed in depth.
The study's main report is supplemented by more detailed case studies analyzing free movement of workers for two sending countries (Bulgaria and Romania) and the four main receiving countries (Italy, Spain, Germany and the UK).