The European Commission proposed to the EU's Council of Ministers EU Member States should be authorised to ratify the International Labour Organisation (ILO) new Protocol to the Forced Labour Convention.
The Protocol, together with a complementary Recommendation, was adopted by the 103rd session of the International Labour Conference in June.
Countries ratifying the ILO Protocol agree
It also enhances international cooperation in the fight against forced or compulsory labour.
States ratifying the 2014 Protocol to the ILO Convention are required to develop a national policy and plan of action for the suppression of forced labour, in consultation with workers and employers’ organisations. They must take measures to prevent forced labour, including by informing vulnerable people and protecting them from possible fraudulent recruitment practices.
As regards the victims of forced labour, the Convention introduces an obligation to ensure their identification, release, protection, recovery and rehabilitation.
Further clauses require ratifying States
The ILO estimates that over 21 million people worldwide are today victims of forced or compulsory labour, which generates US$ 150 billion in illegal profits per year.