To address the effects of population ageing, the EU will need to close the gender gap and increase the participation of young and older workers in the labour market, but mobility and migration also have a key role to play. This is the main finding of the joint Commission-OECD report on matching economic migration with labour market needs published today.
The European Commission welcomes today's adoption by the EU's Council of Ministers of a new Directive to ensure the better application at national level of EU citizens' right to work in another Member State.
The pan-European job search network EURES would be strengthened to provide more job offers, increase the likelihood of job matches and help employers, notably small and medium businesses, to fill job vacancies faster and better, under a proposal presented by the European Commission.
A practical guide on the 'Habitual Residence Test' to help Member States apply EU rules on the coordination of social security for EU citizens that have moved to another Member State has been published by the European Commission.
The last restrictions on the free movement of workers from Bulgaria and Romania were lifted on 1 January 2014. Bulgarian and Romanian citizens are now able to fully exercise their right to work in all EU countries without a work permit.
The joint responsibility of Member States and the EU institutions to uphold EU citizens' rights to live and work in another EU country is underlined in a policy paper just adopted by the European Commission.
According to a study just published by the European Commission in most EU countries, EU citizens from other Member States use welfare benefits no more intensively than the host country's nationals. Mobile EU citizens are less likely to receive disability and unemployment benefits in most countries studied.
The European Commission has decided to refer Belgium to the EU's Court of Justice because of discriminatory conditions for candidates wishing to work in the local public sector in the French and German speaking regions, as well as the Brussels region, and who have not followed education in Dutch, French or German.
The European Commission has decided to refer Cyprus to the EU's Court of Justice for applying discriminatory conditions to the pension rights and unpaid leave rights of former Cypriot civil servants working in another Member State.
Although it is against the law since 1968, discrimination of EU workers working in another EU country on the basis of nationality is still not properly addressed in practice.