National authorities are examining different ways of addressing the expected growth in demand for long-term care services. This will come at a time when the number of working age women and men, able to provide informal care will decrease just as the number of dependent elderly persons increases. In addition, the trend towards smaller families and rise in incidences of single parent families reduce the pool of people able to provide informal care. There is general agreement that providing LTC in a home or residential setting rather than institutional care is the preferred option of LTC recipients. In order to meet the increased demand, Member States will need to: Tackle the expected shortfall in qualified LTC staff; Develop a sustainable mix of public and private sources of finance; Ensure effective coordination within various long-term care systems; andiImplement in practice the principle of universal access to long-term care. This publication is available in printed format in English, French and German and in electronic format in all other EU official languages.